ZZ Plant Care: Suggestions For Growing And Maintaining

zz plant

zz plant

Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 6/6/2023

Zamioculcas zamiifolia are low-maintenance zz plants. They are distinguished by their glossy, broad, oval-shaped leaves that shoot vertically and swiftly flourish in a home indoors. Zzz plants are also known as ZZ plants. The plant's natural habitat is in East Africa, on the Zanzibar islands and Tanzania. These plants are often referred to as Zanzibar jewels because of the fresh, waxy leaves that are so dark green that they are frequently misidentified as an artificial substance. ZZ plant care develops very slowly and demands intense sunshine that is indirect. The ability of the ZZ plant to grow in a variety of lighting settings is one of the plant's numerous advantages. When a ZZ is in an active growth period in the spring or summer, it is the best time to plant or repot it. These plants can cause severe illness or death in people and animals if consumed.

  • Common Name ZZ plant, Zanzibar jewel, everlasting plant
  • Botanical Name Zamioculcas zamiifolia
  • Family Araceae
  • Plant Classification: Perennial
  • Size at Maturity 2-4 feet in height, 2-4 feet in width
  • Sun Exposure Partial
  • The type of soil drains well.
  • Soil pH Neutral, acidic
  • The Season of Flowers Spring
  • Colors of the Flowers Yellow, green, and white
  • Originating Region of Africa
  • Toxicity
  • Toxic to human beings as well as animals

Watch This Video to Learn How to Cultivate ZZ Plants Indoors

3 EASY Ways To Propagate Your ZZ Plant!

ZZ Plant Care

zz plant

zz plant

It is common knowledge that ZZ plants are low-maintenance, easy-to-care-for houseplants that even gardeners with the blackest thumbs can maintain alive with minimal attention to their needs. ZZ plants require little more than sufficient light and a thorough watering every two to three weeks. However, if you forget to water your ZZ plant, you shouldn't worry too much about it because these plants develop from rhizomes, which allow them to store water under the soil and make them drought-resistant plants. You can find Rhizomes in all ZZ plants.

Plant it in a pot that can move inside as the weather becomes cooler if you wish to grow it outside; otherwise, grow it elsewhere.

ZZ plants have glossy leaves, but the shine can wear off when the dust settles on them. Never use a commercial leaf shine to clean the leaves of a Zanzibar gem plant since doing so will cause the plant's pores to get blocked. Instead, use a moist towel to carefully remove the dust and particles from the surface to restore its shine.


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Because ZZ plants can thrive in diverse illumination environments, they are ideally suited for cultivation in closed environments such as indoor greenhouses. Even in low-light environments, the plants can flourish and quickly turn lanky if they are not exposed to sufficient light. When deciding where to put the plant in your home, select a location with intense but indirect light, and if possible, put it in a room facing south. Keep your plants out of the direct sunshine since they will burn the leaves if you do.


As long as there is adequate drainage in the potting media, ZZ plants are not excessively selective about their use. The majority of essential potting mixes need to be enough for your plant. In the case of a drainage problem, adding more perlite or sand to the mix would be helpful.


The broad rhizomes of these plants make them very resistant to dry conditions and allow them to thrive with only sporadic irrigation. Once the soil has become dry, which can take anywhere from one to two weeks, depending on the plant's conditions, you should water your ZZ plant. Watering your plant less often is preferable to giving it excessive water. When you water, you should thoroughly saturate the soil with water until it begins to flow through the drainage hole in the bottom of the container. Get rid of the water that is in excess.

Temperature And Relative Humidity

Gems from Zanzibar can withstand the typical highs and lows of temperature and humidity in homes. It is best to avoid placing your ZZ plant in an area close to draughts or a very chilly region of your home since these temperatures are too low for the plant to thrive (the temperature should not drop below 45 degrees Fahrenheit). There is no specific humidity level that must keep at ZZ plants. Still, suppose the air in your home tends to be dry. In that case, you may want to consider purchasing a humidifier or setting your plant on top of a tray filled with pebbles and water to increase the humidity level in its immediate environment.


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In general, ZZ plants may flourish without the use of fertilizer regularly. Fertilize your ZZ plant with an indoor plant fertilizer that has been diluted to half its strength one to two times throughout the active growth season if you want to improve the size or vigor of your plant. However, only do this should if you intend to increase the size of your plant.

Varieties Of The ZZ Plant

Varieties Of The ZZ Plant

Varieties Of The ZZ Plant

The following is a list of some of the most significant types of ZZ plants:

Zamioculcas Zamiifolia 'Raven' 

Zamioculcas zamiifolia 'Raven' is a relatively new variety of Zamioculcas that may be identified by its leaf's deep maroon and purple coloring.

Zamioculcas Zamiifolia "Lucky Variegated" 

Zamioculcas zamiifolia "Lucky Variegated" refers to a plant with green leaves that are variegated with white and yellow; the variegation will disappear if the plant is not provided with sufficient light.

Zamioculcas Zamiifolia "Zamicro" 

Zamioculcas zamiifolia "Zamicro" refers to a dwarf ZZ plant variety with shorter stems and smaller leaves.

Propagating ZZ Plant

Propagating ZZ Plant

Propagating ZZ Plant

There are primarily two ways that ZZ plants may be multiplied: by division and through stem cuttings. The easiest method for creating additional plants is by the process of propagation known as division. When you repot your plant in the future, separate the rhizomes and store them in different containers.

  • It takes more time to propagate plants using stem cuttings than it does to divide them, and it might be anywhere from six to nine months before the cuttings produce roots after being planted.
  • Using a sanitized and sharp cutting instrument, cut through an entire stalk, including any leaflets that may be present.
  • Take the leaves at the bottom of the stem and remove them before placing them in a water jar.
  • Put in an area that gets indirect light. In a few months, we should see the formation of roots. It is essential to change the water once a week to avoid the growth of bacteria.
  • When significant new root development occurs, transfer the plant to a container filled with potting mix.

Putting ZZ Plants In Pots And Repotting Them

Putting ZZ Plants In Pots And Repotting Them

Putting ZZ Plants In Pots And Repotting Them

Only after ZZ plants have outgrown their potting container can they be repotted into a larger container. When you observe the rhizomes pushing up the soil and up against the side of the container, or when the form of the container begins to change, it is time to repot the plant. If the plant has become root-bound, it may also display indications of stress.

Because they will be better able to survive being disturbed during the active growth phase, it is typically a good idea to wait until the spring or summer to repot the plants. Because it is the time of year when most houseplants are actively developing, you should choose a planting container that is one size bigger and has plenty of drainage holes for your Zanzibar gem.

Pests That Are Usually Seen

Even though ZZ plants are incredibly resistant to disease, it is still essential to watch out for typical houseplant pests like mealybugs, scale, fungus gnats, and aphids since these insects may infest the plant.

23 You may eliminate most of these bug issues by using insecticidal soap.

Problems That Are Common With ZZ Plants

Problems That Are Common With ZZ Plants

Problems That Are Common With ZZ Plants

The amount of water a Zanzibar gem plant receives is one of the most often encountered issues with these plants. If leaves begin to fall off, it is a sign that the plant is dry and in need of water. If the leaves are turning yellow and falling off simultaneously, you should do the reverse and provide the plant with extra water. When the top three inches of soil (about the length of your finger) are dry, the plant is ready to be watered.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it simple to take care of the Zanzibar gems?

It is stated that ZZ plants are impossible to kill because they can survive dire circumstances and neglect. Because of this, ZZ plants are a good plant for beginning indoor gardeners to start with.

How quickly does the ZZ plant mature into an adult?

This plant develops its new leaves quite gradually. However, it produces a few fresh stems each year, which is a positive sign. In addition, its height can fluctuate a season by a couple of inches or more at a time.

How lengthy can the lifespan of a ZZ plant be?

It is a plant that lives for a very long time since it is very hardy. Because they may be passed down from one generation to the next, ZZ plants are also sometimes referred to as heirloom plants.