Different Cacti And Succulents You Can Grow In Your Own DIY Terrarium Garden

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Emma DowneyByEmma Downey
Updated on 8/13/2022

Succulents are contemporary gardeners' best buddies. And justifiably so. They are available in a mind-boggling variety of forms, sizes, and colors. Oh, and almost anybody can be successful in cultivating them. Because succulents can retain water in their plants' fleshy leaves and stems, they can survive without being watered for extended periods. You may plant succulents in your yard to create a unique desert scene, or you can use them to decorate your living room with a touch of the tropics with their lush foliage. They are also simple to cultivate in a terrarium or terrarium if you so want. Continue reading to get more information on the many kinds of succulents and determine which one is best for you, whether you are a novice or an experienced gardener.

How Many Different Varieties Of Cacti And Succulents Are There?

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Over 10,000 distinct species of succulents may be found throughout the globe, and they are available in a wide variety of esoteric shapes and configurations. Therefore, you have a plethora of possibilities from which to choose! Succulents are known for being hardy plants that need little care and attention. You don't need to worry too much about the upkeep of these plants, regardless of where you decide to put them—in your garden, indoor pots, or terrariums. They can invigorate an area almost immediately. In addition to this, they have an extremely lengthy lifespan, with some species being known to live for more than a century.

However, the fact that there are so many different kinds of succulents might make it seem to be a difficult task to choose the most suitable plants to meet your requirements. What types of plants should be grown in terrariums? How should they be planted inside? What kind and how much water do they require? Will there be flowers on them throughout the summer?

The Most Common Varieties Of Succulents

Gardening enthusiasts have a fondness for a variety of succulents. The ever-increasing demand for plants has resulted in nurseries and online retailers making available a diverse selection of options for customers to choose from.

Depending on the species, a succulent can be long and squishy or long and barrel-shaped. Other choices can be consumed, such as the typical glasswort. Look at some of the most common succulents to figure out which ones are best for you.

Succulents For The House

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Dry, warm air is ideal for the growth of succulents inside. Give them a lot of sunshine and try to remember to water them once a week, and you should be OK. The Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata), Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis Miller), Common Glasswort (Salicornia Europaea), and the Zebra Plant are all popular varieties of succulents that may be grown inside (Haworthia fasciata).

Outdoor Succulents

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Succulents that will be grown outside may be planted in the ground or grown in containers made of stone, terracotta, or both. Hens-and-Chicks (Sempervivum Tectorum), Stonecrop (Sedum spp. ), Whale's Tongue Agave (Agave Ovatifolia), and the Torch Plant are all examples of popular outdoor succulents that are simple to cultivate in a garden (Aristaloe Aristata).

Cacti

cacti

Because of their flashy appearance and ability to hold water, succulents and cacti are sometimes categorized together. However, not all succulents with thorns or spines may be classified as cacti. A succulent plant must contain what are known as areoles, which are tiny bumps from which spine clusters emerge, for it to be classified as a cactus. The Bunny Ears Cactus (Opuntia Microdasys), the Star Cactus (Astrophytum asteria), the Saguaro Cactus (Carnegiea Gigantea), and the Rat Tail Cactus are all standard varieties of cacti that are suitable for planting in the garden at home (Disocactus Flagelliformis).

Plants

Plants

Plants with succulent leaves and stems are very elongated. You may also recognize them by the expansiveness of their roots, which enable them to absorb water in regions with occasional rainfall successfully. Plants that are succulents do best in warm and dry areas, with soil that drains well. However, some can survive temperatures that are lower and even colder. Popular succulent plant species include the Ice Plant (Aizoaceae), Moss Rose (Portulaca Grandiflora), Roseum (Sedum spurium), and Zwartkop (Aeonium Arboreum).

Mini Succulents

Mini Succulents

Some miniature succulents are young plants, while others are naturally of a smaller size than their full-sized counterparts. They are ideal for use as party treats and little presents, and you might even plant them inside to create a simple and elegant decoration. The Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana), Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria crinita), Panda Plant (Kalanchoe Tomentosa), and Living Stone are all examples of succulents that are well suited for cultivation in miniature pots (Lithops Marmorata).

Tall Succulents

Tall Succulents

The snake plant and firestick succulents are two examples of succulents that may lead to quite impressive heights. They can provide an audacious statement to your yard and make any nook or cranny of your home stand out in particular. The Old Man Cactus, also known as the Crown of Thorns (Euphorbia Milii), the Snake Plant (Sansevieria Trifasciata), and the African Milk Tree (Euphorbia Trigona) are all examples of well-known examples of tall succulents (Cephalocereus senilis).

The Most Suitable Cacti And Succulents For The Home

Planting some easy-to-grow succulents is a great way to give your interior area a more natural look and feel. These plants adapt pretty well to the warm and humid conditions found indoors. They can breathe new life into any drab nook or cranny without requiring a lot of upkeep. In addition to this, the presence of these plants contributes to a better environment in which to live.

A helpful hint for caring for succulents is to water them seldom, ensure enough drainage, and expose them to sufficient sunshine. They will do quite well even when kept indoors. Now, let's look at some of the most successful varieties of succulents that may be grown inside.

1. The Tail Of The Burro (Sedum Morganianum)

Burro’s Tail (Sedum Morganianum)

A plant that can withstand both heat and drought is called donkey's tail. It has thick leaves shaped like burritos and may grow to be as long as two feet. The succulent is a fantastic choice for a plant that can be hung.

Warning: the leaves on the donkey's tail are so fragile that they will come off with the slightest touch. Put your plant in an area with as little disruption as possible.

2. Zebra Plant (Haworthia Fasciata)

Zebra Plant (Haworthia fasciata)

The Zebra plant has distinctive white stripes against the evergreen, black foliage. Because it maintains a low profile, this plant is an excellent option for terrariums.

3. Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis Miller)

Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis Miller)

When it comes to succulents' houseplants, aloe vera is undoubtedly one of the most well-liked options. It has fleshy leaves that are pointy and are often a greyish green color.

A helpful tip is that the gel made from aloe vera sap may be used to treat the skin.

4. Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata)

Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata)

The jade plant is one of the succulents that requires the least amount of attention and care to cultivate inside. It has dark green leaves that are glossy and somewhat substantial. In the summer, the shrub produces dainty blooms that might be pink or white. A fun tidbit about the plant is that it is also known as the "money plant" or the "lucky plant," Many people choose to cultivate it in their homes as a sign of good fortune and luck.

5. Traditional Glasswort (Salicornia Europaea)

Common Glasswort (Salicornia Europaea)

The common glasswort has long fleshy stems and branches out to produce what seems like a giant, green carpet at times. The plant, which may also be referred to as "marsh samphire," is often seen growing in salt marshes and on beaches. This plant may be consumed in the same manner as any other vegetable, and the stems may also be used to create rather good pickles.

6. Necklace Strung With Pearls (Senecio Rowleyanus)

String-of-Pearls (Senecio Rowleyanus)

This trailing houseplant looks like a string of green pearls strung together, and it is gorgeous. Grow it in hanging vases to give it a more aesthetically pleasing appearance. It produces teeny-tiny white flowers that smell like cinnamon, and it blooms. Take note that this plant is active throughout the colder months but sleeps during, the warmer ones.

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Aloe vera, jade plants, common glasswort, and several other succulents are included in this assortment of a dozen different types of succulents suitable for indoor cultivation. Bringing a touch of nature inside without the care that most houseplants require is something this plant excels at, making a beautiful present.

The Most Suitable Cacti And Succulents For Outdoor Settings

Do you want your garden to be noticeable among others? If you live in a warm and dry region, you may want to consider creating a succulent garden. But before you add that desert atmosphere to your green area, it is necessary to know which succulents thrive best in the open air. This is because there are many different types of succulents.

Take a look at these hardy outdoor plants that can withstand dry conditions and are simple to cultivate:

7. Chickens And Their Eggs (Sempervivum Tectorum)

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This is a low-growing succulent that retains its evergreen foliage throughout the year. It resembles a rubbery rose. It is a low-maintenance plant that is ideal for those just starting gardening.

A fun tidbit about mature plants is that they may produce star-shaped blooms in mauve, pink, or red.

8. Stonecrop (Sedum spp.)

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The leaves of the stonecrop plant may be fleshy, cylindrical, or flattened. It is available in several hues, including blue, pink, green, and silver. Caution is advised since Sedum is poisonous if consumed, and it also irritates the skin.

9. Flourishing Plant (Echeveria pulvinata)

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The plush plant has leaves similar to velvet and is thickly coated in hair that has a silvery-white color. It reaches a maximum height of around one foot but may spread out to a width of several feet. An interesting tidbit about the plant is that it produces stunning orange-red flowers at the end of winter.

10. Agave With A Whale's Tongue (Agave Ovatifolia)

Whale’s Tongue Agave (Agave Ovatifolia)

The very thick rosettes distinguish the evergreen plant known as the whale's tongue that it produces. The plant's bluish-gray leaves are broad and flat, giving them the appearance of the tongue or baleen of a whale.

11. Pig's Ear (Cotyledon Orbiculata)

Pig’s Ear (Cotyledon Orbiculata)

This succulent has large leaves shaped like pig's ears; they are oval with thick red margins. The plant produces blooms that resemble bells and maybe orange, yellow, or red at the end of the summer.

A word of advice: the plant may need quite a bit of room. Before you plant this one, you should make sure that some space is available in your yard.

12. Lace Aloe Plant (Aristaloe Aristata)

Lace aloe Plant (Aristaloe Aristata)

The leaves of the torch plant are bristly and a light green color; however, when exposed to sunlight, the leaves become darker. Around the middle of summer, it displays spectacular spikes of orange flowers styled like torches.

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One of the sorts of succulents purchased the most often for use outside is the rosettes variety. They need little maintenance, and various hues are available for each species. This assortment includes six different flowers, each with its container and soil.

Cacti Are Among The Most Desirable Types Of Succulents

People often think of cacti as desert plants, and they demand minimal attention and can withstand some degree of being neglected. Cacti appear in various forms, some being tall and slender while others being short and spherical. Some even have beautifully colorful blooms that are a delight to look at. You may simply cultivate cactus in your living area to create some one-of-a-kind decoration, or you can offer them a spot in your yard.

These are some of the most common cactus varieties:

13. Cactus For The Holidays (Schlumbergera Truncata)

Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera Truncata)

This cactus is the Christmas cactus because it usually blooms during November and January. It is distinct from other types of cactus in that it does not have any pointed spines. Instead, it features "teeth" around the margins of the surface. The plant produces blooms in various colors, including pink, orange, white, and yellow.

14. Saguaro Cactus (Carnegiea Gigantea)

Saguaro Cactus (Carnegiea Gigantea)

The saguaro cactus, with its characteristic green body fashioned like a barrel, is a quintessential example of a desert cactus. Only in Arizona's Sonoran Desert can you find it in its natural habitat. Saguaros grow extremely slowly and may survive for up to 200 years, which is an interesting fact about the plant. It is one of the varieties of succulents known for its exceptional hardiness.

15. Cactus With Bunny Ears (Opuntia Microdasys)

 Bunny Ears Cactus (Opuntia Microdasys)

Simply seeing this one is all that is required to understand where the name originates from. It has white blooms in the spring and purple fruits in the summer, and it is not difficult to cultivate at all. Even while the plant does not have spines like regular cactus, it does not imply that you should pet it or snuggle up with it.

16. Cactus With A Star (Astrophytum Asteria)

Star Cactus (Astrophytum Asteria)

Cacti collectors like this spectacular type because it grows very well when brought indoors. Its fat, spherical body, which is sliced into eight halves, is how you may recognize it. You must keep an eye out for delicate yellow and white flowers in the spring.

17. Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus)

Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus)

This cactus, which may take on a round or barrel form, is heavily equipped with sharp spines. The plant requires a great deal of sunlight but just a little water. The top of the plant is covered with showy blossoms that might be yellow or red. If you were wondering, the common term for this succulent is “mother-in-law cushion.”

18. Cactus With A "Rat Tail" (Disocactus Flagelliformis)

Rat Tail Cactus (Disocactus Flagelliformis)

You want to grow a cactus inside, but you don't think you have enough room? Think of using the beautiful rat tail cactus to support a hanging basket. It has distinctive hairy stalks and matures to around four feet tall, contributing to its common name.

A fun tidbit about this plant is that it is native to Mexico. The beautiful violet-red blossoms that it produces are used in traditional Mexican medicine to heal ailments related to the heart.

Purchasable Cacti and Succulents

Even though most cacti have a prickly appearance, they are laid back and simple to work with. They need to be planted in soil with a lot of drainages, sunshine, and just a little bit of water. You need to do nothing but relax to take pleasure in the blossoms they produce in the spring and summer. Use this assortment of cacti as a jumping-off point to create a mixed succulents display.

The Finest Succulent Plants To Choose From

There is something about these plants with fleshy leaves that have won the favor and affection of a significant number of gardeners. Desert environments are ideal for the growth of succulent plants. However, many different types may grow in forested habitats, along beaches, in high alpine locations, and dry tropical places. When cultivating plants inside, ensure they receive enough sunlight every day. Here are some succulents you can grow:

19. Ice Plant (Aizoaceae)

Ice Plant (Aizoaceae)

The ice plant is an excellent choice for you if you want to brighten up your landscape with colorful blossoms and fill in any bare spots simultaneously. It is a succulent that can survive in colder climates and produce blooms resembling daisies. This plant's blooms and foliage give off the impression that they are coated with ice crystals, giving them a shimmering appearance. Because of this, the name.

20. Rose Of The Moss (Portulaca Grandiflora)

Moss Rose (Portulaca Grandiflora)

This delicate succulent spreads its fleshy leaves very slowly and is relatively small. It blooms beautifully throughout the whole summer. However, the blossoms will not open unless exposed to direct sunlight. You may use it to edge a border, plant it in rock garden s, use it as bedding plants, or cover the ground.

A helpful hint: The plant is ideal for adding a splash of color to your interior design.

21. Roseum (Sedum Spurium)

Roseum (Sedum Spurium)

The rose plant is a lovely ornamental that may be added to any garden. It is a bushy succulent that forms a mat and grows low to the ground, and it has vivid green leaves. Late in the summer, clusters of bright pink blooms shaped like stars appear on this plant. A word of advice: sun-loving succulents like this one. When you plant anything inside, you should put it on a windowsill that receives a lot of light.

22. Zwartkop (Aeonium Arboreum)

Zwartkop (Aeonium Arboreum)

This plant forms rosette-like clusters of burgundy-colored leaves and is also known as the "black rose." The brilliant yellow blooms that it produces in the winter are a striking contrast to the dark foliage.

A helpful hint is to include it in a succulent arrangement. When paired with succulents of lighter colors, it creates an attractive contrast.

23. Paddle Plant (Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora)

Paddle Plant (Kalanchoe Thyrsiflora)

The paddle plant is succulent with a unique shape and vibrant color and is a favorite among plant enthusiasts. It has thick leaves that are spherical and paddle-shaped, and they take on a crimson hue throughout the winter months.

24. Chalk Sticks In Blue Color (Senecio Mandraliscae)

Blue Chalk Sticks (Senecio Mandraliscae)

This plant is aesthetically beautiful and delicate, and it grows pretty slowly. The plant stands out from the conventional succulents that are green in color due to the powdered blue tint of their leaf. In the summer, it also has white flowers color.

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You may give the appearance of your house or yard more vibrant and exotic by purchasing a selection of succulent plants. These plants are available in a dizzying array of sizes, shapes, colors, and textures. And if you have a soft spot for floral plants but you just can't manage to keep them alive, succulent plants are the perfect solution for you!

Miniature Succulents Of The Highest Quality

On Instagram, everyone seems to be obsessed with keeping little succulents in their homes. You can fit them anywhere while they deliver a captivating show. Some miniature succulents are grown by being cut down to a smaller size, while others are naturally more compact.

Take a look at these many types of miniature succulents:

25. Cactus With A Pincushion Form (Mammillaria Crinita)

Pincushion Cactus (Mammillaria Crinita)

A pincushion cactus is an excellent option to purchase if you want a plant for your workplace. The plant resembles a small cactus and does not often grow much taller than six inches. The form of the majority of kinds is either cylindrical or circular, and they produce colorful flowers in the spring.

26. Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana)

Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana)

One of the rare succulents explicitly produced for the beauty of its flowers is the blazing Katy. As a plant gift, it was initially intended. This succulent begins to create clusters of little small flowers in early winter. These blooms may be red, orange, yellow, white, purple, or pink, and they bloom for many weeks.

A helpful hint: You may use this plant as a table plant or as a centerpiece on your desk.

27. Panda Plant (Kalanchoe Tomentosa) (Kalanchoe Tomentosa)

Panda Plant (Kalanchoe Tomentosa)

The Panda plant has fluffy, tiny leaves with margins that have a brownish-red color. It is a fantastic specimen to put in the living room as part of the decoration since it thrives when brought inside, and it does very well there.

A word of advice: when you water the plant, take care not to get the leaves wet; otherwise, they could rot.

28. Living Stone (Lithops Marmorata)

Living Stone (Lithops Marmorata)

One of the most peculiar types of succulents is the lithops, sometimes known as the living stone plant. They develop at a glacial pace and have the appearance of stones or pebbles.

Interesting fact: Lithops have daisy-like blooms that may vary in color from white to yellow to orange.

29. Hoya, My Sweetheart (Hoya Kerrii)

Sweetheart Hoya (Hoya Kerrii)

This adorable succulent has a little leaf that is fashioned like a heart. It has a sluggish growth rate and might take many years before it matures into vining plants. The summertime is when mature hoyas produce their first flowers. A loving hoya is a thoughtful present for Valentine's Day and an anniversary. Give it to your sweetie to represent the eternal love you have for them.

30. Moonstones Are known As (Pachyphytum Oviferum)

Moonstones (Pachyphytum Oviferum)

Meet this charming succulent with leaves that seem like polished stones. The plant can grow in either full or partial sunshine, and it may look adorable when it is contained inside a compact terracotta pot. Flowers with bell-shaped blossoms develop on tall stalks at the beginning of the spring season.

Mini Succulents Available For Purchase

Even if there is less place for gardens to grow plants, there is always room for a tiny container to sit on a windowsill or end table. Check out this attractive and low-maintenance assortment of miniature succulents, including Aeonium, Aloe, Crassula, Echeveria, Kalanchoe, and Sedum.

The Finest Varieties Of Large Succulents

Although most succulents are tiny, adding some tall succulents to your garden or indoor décor is an excellent to draw attention to those spaces. The majority of tall succulents reach more than 10 feet when grown in their native habitat. In contrast, you may limit their height in a home landscaping to less than six feet or until they reach the ceiling, whichever comes first. The following are some tall species of succulents that may efficiently serve as anchors for your landscaping.

31. The Crown Made Of Thorns (Euphorbia Milii)

Crown of Thorns (Euphorbia Milii)

This ornamental houseplant can produce blooms if it receives adequate light throughout the year. It has thorny stems covered with green leaves that are spoon-shaped and tightly packed. When grown outside, the plant will develop into a shrub between three and six feet in height. Caution is advised because the plant contains a milky sap that is poisonous to humans and animals.

32. Snake Plant (Sansevieria Trifasciata)

Snake Plant (Sansevieria Trifasciata)

The leaves of snake plants are robust and erect, and they come in a variety of green hues. They can live for weeks without exposure to light or water while retaining their vibrant appearance.

A word of advice: this is an excellent plant for purifying the air. Grow it in your room to enhance the air quality, which will ultimately result in a more peaceful night's sleep.

33. Tree Of Africa With Milk (Euphorbia Trigona)

African Milk Tree (Euphorbia Trigona)

This spiky succulent grows to be very tall and is very little maintenance. Even though it is not technically a tree, the succulent may increase to 9 feet. Caution is advised because the plant exudes a latex sap that is dense, white, and poisonous. It can irritate the skin, and if it touches your skin, wash it off right away.

34. The Ocotillo (Fouquieria Splendens)

Ocotillo (Fouquieria Splendens)

Ocotillos are tall desert plants that resemble cactuses. The length of the stems may range anywhere from 3 to 9 meters (9 to 30 ft). In the summer, the plant has stunning, brilliant pink blooms borne on canes that resemble whips.

35. The Elderly Cactus (Cephalocereus Senilis)

Old Man Cactus (Cephalocereus Senilis)

Grow some old man cactus to give the inside of your home a little more personality. The cactus has a name that suggests it resembles an older adult's pate due to the fluffy, white hair that covers the plant's surface, as the name suggests. Before producing its gorgeous pink, fragrant, night-blooming blooms, it often grows to twenty feet. This plant does not like being moved after being placed in its container. Never more often than once every three to five years, report.

36. Euphorbia Tirucalli 'Rosea,' Often known As Firesticks

Firesticks (Euphorbia Tirucalli ‘Rosea’)

The stems of this bushy succulent, which may be orange, pink, or red, are what give it its name. Although it grows slowly, it may reach between 4 and 5 feet.

Caution: handling firesticks should be done with care as they contain dangerous chemicals.

Buy Some Tall Cacti And Succulents

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If you genuinely want to cultivate a plant that stands out from the crowd, you might think about purchasing a tall succulent. Plants belonging to the genus Euphorbia are often recommended. They are simple to cultivate and maintain, so they are an excellent addition to any rock garden , but they are also a perfect addition to any rock garden.

A Gift That Doesn't Die…

Except, of course, if you forget to give your succulent any water. In the language of flowers, succulents are said to represent a love that is everlasting and unchanging. In the practice of Feng Shui, succulents are said to represent wealth and gold. Some people think that they can protect their homes from evil and bad energy. Succulents are often given as tokens of love and appreciation in Japanese culture. If that wasn't enough, succulents also help cleanse the air and make for a sustainable and environmentally responsible present! Therefore, you need to start cultivating your own. Because there are so many different kinds of succulents currently available, it won't be difficult at all for you to find one that suits your needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many different kinds of succulents are there to choose from?

Sixty separate plant families are home to the succulents of up to 10,000 different species. Cactaceae, sometimes known as the cactus family, and Aizoaceae are the two families that have the most members (ice plant family). About 2,000 different species of succulents may be found in each of them. More than these two, there are between six and eight other leading families or subfamilies of succulents, each of which has between 300 and 1,300 different species of succulents.

How do I identify a succulent?

Succulents can be found in various sizes, colors, and shapes. Succulents are often recognized by holding water in either their leaves, stems, or roots. However, succulents may be challenging to identify. Check the plant for ciliate hairs and epicuticular wax and marks, spikes, or lumps on its surface.

In what kinds of environments do succulents thrive the most?

The majority of succulents need a great deal of direct sunlight and just a trace amount of moisture. They should be planted in cactus mix soil, providing far more excellent drainage than regular potting soil. Additionally, succulents can tolerate a wide variety of temperatures. The best temperature for storing them is 950 degrees Fahrenheit (350 degrees Celsius).

What kind of succulents looks well together?

It is a good idea to arrange succulents together, as this will add to the aesthetic appeal of the succulents. However, it is recommended to grow succulents together with similar requirements, and they will live in peace and harmony.