Peas Planting, Development, And Harvesting

Peas Planting, Development, And Harvesting

Peas Planting, Development, And Harvesting

Updated on 10/1/2023
Emma DowneyBy Emma Downey
Gardening Expert
Learn More about Emma Downey

It is hard to compare the flavor of peas grown in a garden to those purchased from a shop since garden-grown peas are often sweeter than those obtained in grocery stores. The plant offers a beautiful delicacy, and mother nature provided them for us to enjoy. Planting peas is one of the first actions you can do throughout the growing season. Whether snow will fall after the planting is finished, they are created as soon as you can work on the ground. They are made as quickly as you can work on the floor. Even though snowfall is possible, they are made in this manner. Keep reading for advice on adequately producing peas at every stage, from planting the seeds to gathering the mature crop at the end of the growing process.

About Peas

  • Botanical Name: Pisum sativum
  • Plant Type: Vegetable
  • Sun Exposure: Full SunPart Sun
  • pH ranges from slightly acidic to neutral in the soil.
  • Seasons of Flowering: Spring and Fall
  • The Color of the Flowers Can Vary.
peas bigstock

peas bigstock

Peas are one of the easiest plants to maintain, but the window of time in which they can reach full maturity is very narrow. Peas are typically harvested between April and June. It is vital to have the planting done in the spring early enough so that the plants can develop when the weather is still relatively cool. you can only accomplish this if the planting is done in the spring. (This indicates that planting can occur throughout February, March, or April across the bulk of the United States and Canada.) On the other hand, they may also be grown as a crop throughout the fall and winter months in warmer regions than where they are often found.

Once picked, peas do not keep their taste for a long time. Therefore, you should enjoy their flavor as soon as possible after they have been prepared. You'll note that the peas offered in grocery shops often have a starchy flavor, which in no way compares to the flavor of peas that have been freshly gathered from a garden. The taste of peas that have been collected from a garden is simply incomparable.

There are three varieties of peas that are ideal for gardening, as well as for a variety of culinary applications:

  • The pods of sweet peas, also known as garden peas or English peas (Pisum sativum ssp. sativum), are inedible, but the peas that develop inside can be collected and eaten.
  • The pods of snow peas also referred to as P. sativum var. macrocarpon, are distinct in that they are stringless, stringless, and flat. Snow peas can be consumed, and these pods conceal peas that are relatively little in size within their interior.
  • The formation of thick pods that may be swallowed and that contain full-size peas is characteristic of snap peas, also referred to as P. sativum var. macrocarpon ser. Cv. These peas are distinguished because they are also known as "snap peas."

Peas thrive when grown with chives, mint, alyssum, maize, cucumbers, radishes, turnips, and beans, all of which make for good companion plants. Acquire a deeper comprehension of the principle of planting companion species.

A Step-by-Step Video Explanation of the Pea Cultivation Process, Beginning with Sowing Seeds and Concluding with Gathering Produce

You may get a better idea of how to grow peas by watching the video that we have posted on this topic, and then you can consult the guide we have included below for any further information you might need.

How to Grow Peas From Seed to Harvest


You want to pick a location that gets an adequate amount of sunshine and has soil that drains effectively. Although it is possible to plant peas in areas that receive some shade, the crop won't be as flavorful or as abundant as it would be if the peas were grown in the full sun. If it is feasible, you should prepare the soil in the autumn by including some compost, aged manure, and other organic materials and ensuring that everything is thoroughly mixed. Peas require soil that is both loose and well-drained to grow successfully.

When To Plant Peas

  • When the soil temperature is still chilly or when it has reached the optimal temperature, plant seeds four to six weeks before the anticipated date of the last spring frost: Peas will take longer to germinate if you plant them in soil that is 40 degrees Fahrenheit or below than if you put them in soil that is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit and no hotter than 85 degrees Fahrenheit. It would be best if you planted peas in the ground with a temperature of at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit and no more than 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Snow will not harm pea plants just starting to emerge, but prolonged exposure to temperatures in the teens may be. If your first planting of peas does not result in fruit, you should be prepared to plant other seeds if this occurs. To get your peas off to a good start, you may also try growing them inside a cold frame.
  • The second planting of peas can be done in the late summer or early fall, about six to eight weeks before the date when your region has its first fall frost. That will allow the peas to have the best chance of survival.
When To Plant Peas

When To Plant Peas

Before beginning the process of planting peas, there are a few more things to think about first. Here are some of those things.

How To Plant Peas

  • Because peas don't like it when their roots are messed with, the best approach to planting them is to sow the seeds straight into the ground. Peas may be grown in both containers and on the land. To make transplanting possible, however, you must first germinate the seeds in biodegradable pots; then, you must move the bank along with the seeds and other components into the garden, where the pot will decompose.
  • Plant seeds on raised garden beds in regions with a spring season that lasts longer and is wetter than average.
  • To speed up the germination process, you should let the seeds soak in water for the entirety of the night before planting them.
  • Plant the seeds around an inch deep (or a little bit deeper if the soil is dry), and space them approximately two inches apart. Avoid becoming overly thin. It is recommended to leave a spacing of seven inches between each row while planting seeds.
  • Because crop rotation should occur at least once every four years, planting peas in the same area more frequently than once every four years is not advised.
  • Pea roots, along with the origins of other legumes, can fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil, making nitrogen in the ground available for use by different plant species.
How To Plant Peas

How To Plant Peas

  • Peas need phosphorus and potassium in their fertilizer, although an excessive quantity of nitrogen may encourage the growth of foliage rather than flowers or pods. Phosphorus is also necessary for pea growth. Learn everything you can about the subject of soil amendments.
  • A bush pea plant can grow to a height of anywhere from six to seventy-five cm, and pole types have the potential to grow to a height of up to 6 meters at the very least. Two kinds of people benefit from readily available assistance (especially bush peas above 2 feet and all pole peas). Before the plants can establish their shallow root systems, support them with trellises, chicken wire, strings, or nets. Examples include trellises, thin tree branches, twiggy sticks (pea sticks), and frames. Look at these instructions to discover how to build frameworks and other supports for your pea plants so that they may grow more successfully.
  • The addition of water will assist in keeping the moisture level of the soil at a stable level. Transplant any seeds dislodged from the ground and place in the right spot.


  • If the plants exhibit wilting, you should increase the quantity of water you feed the peas to no more than one inch weekly. That will prevent the peas from being overly saturated. We don't want to contribute to the rot already developing in the peas. On the other hand, you should take extra precautions to ensure the plants do not grow too dry. If something of this nature happens, you will produce no pods.
  • When picking weeds by hand, one must exercise caution to avoid damaging the surrounding region. Hoeing or cultivating the soil should only be done if it is essential; if you must do it, it should be done carefully so as not to damage the pea plant's shallow and delicate root system.


  • The yellowing of pea leaves can be attributed to several distinct environmental and lifestyle variables. The strain generated by the hot weather is likely to blame in many instances for this condition. Be sure to offer sufficient shade for your plants by utilizing items like row covers during the hottest portion of the day, and be sure to water them consistently. Also, be sure to provide appropriate shade for your plants at all other times.
  • Suppose you cover your plants with a thick layer of mulch composed of grass clippings, shredded leaves, or other biodegradable material. In that case, you won't need to fertilize them as often as you would otherwise.

The most common type of peas that you can purchase is the one that requires the shell to be removed before eating. Garden peas or sweet peas are common names for this particular kind of peas. The following are some beautiful illustrations of the variety that are available:

  • It is not necessary to support the "Green Arrow" vines; it has excellent yields and is resistant to mildew and Fusarium wilt. "Green Arrow" vines grow to a height of between 2 and 3 feet.
  • The 'Lincoln' variety of grape has vines that may grow up to three feet in length, do not require any support, and are resistant to mildew and Fusarium wilt.
  • The well-known dance motion that goes by the name "Wando" (suitable for freezing)
  • The name of this person is "Thomas Laxton" (high sugar content)
  • The ninth iteration, which we'll refer to as "Progress" (good disease resistance)
  • 'Little Marvel' (grows only 15 inches tall)
Recommended Varieties

Recommended Varieties

When you eat snap peas, you eat the entire pod since the peas are so tender. That is referred to as "peas in a pod." The following are some beautiful illustrations of all types that you might try out:

  • Sugar Ann is a grapevine that can grow to a maximum height of just two feet and does not require any support to stay upright.
  • Calvin's, the firm responsible for inventing the first "Sugar Snap," has recently begun producing it again. Only Johnny's Selected Seeds carries this kind of seed at this time.
  • Producing peas, the 'Early Snap' variety reaches maturity 10 to 14 days earlier than the 'Sugar Snap.' 'Early Snap' is an early-maturing variety.
  • A kind of sugar snap pea known as "Super Sugar Mel" produces pods around 10 centimeters long with an extraordinary level of sweetness.

Peas of the kind known as snow peas are a common ingredient in dishes prepared using Chinese culinary techniques. These peas feature pods that are flatter than others, and the pods themselves are edible. The following are some beautiful illustrations of the variety that are available:

  • "Mammoth Melting Sugar": stringless pods; vines that can grow up to 4 or 5 feet in length; resistant to wilt.
  • The 'Oregon Sugar Pod II' plant barely grows to 2 feet and 12 inches tall at its full maturity.
  • The cultivar is known as "Snowbird" is disease-resistant against fusarium wilt.


How Do You Know When Peas Are Ready To Be Picked?

  • The vast majority of pea varieties may be harvested between 60 and 70 days after they have been planted. Peas attain full maturity at a quick rate; hence, it is essential to check on them every day once the blossoms have blossomed to ensure that they are developing typically.
  • When the insides of the snow pea plant's delicate pods show immaturity, it is time to harvest the snow peas.
  • When the pods of the snap peas have gotten full and plump while still maintaining their shiny appearance and are loaded with peas that have a wonderful flavor, they are prepared to be picked.

How To Harvest Peas

  • The Ultimate Guide to Making the Most of Your Pea Crop
  • Peas are easiest to harvest in the morning, after the dew has had time to dry off, making this the optimal time to do it. You may enjoy their crispiness of them to its fullest right now.
  • Consistent harvesting of the pods will encourage the plant to produce an increased number of pods.
  • It is recommended to use both hands when collecting peas so as not to damage the plant, and this will help prevent the plant from getting sick. When removing the pods, you should use one hand to maintain the vine and the other to remove them.


  • The taste of recently harvested peas is at its peak of perfection immediately after they have been gathered.
  • When pea pods have achieved their complete maturity, you may tell because they have become rigid or because their color has changed to a dull tone. During the searing heat of summer, mature plants will usually stop bearing fruit, and they will eventually wither and die.
  • It is not too late to harvest, dry, and shell peas so that they may be used in soups during the winter, even if you missed the peas' optimum season when they were at their peak flavor.

How To Keep Peas Fresher For A Longer Period

  • The optimal storage environment for peas is the refrigerator, where they may remain fresh for around five days. Place in paper bags, and then wrap the paper bags entirely with plastic wrap.
  • You might also choose to freeze peas by first de-hulling sweet peas, blanching them, re-immersing them in cold water, draining them, and finally storing them in airtight containers. That is an alternative method.
  • Before proceeding with the preparation method outlined in the previous paragraph, the strings and stems of any snow or snap you should remove peas.

Wit And Wisdom

  • If a young lady comes across a group of nine single males living together in a pod, she will marry the next available bachelor she comes across.
  • The 17th of March, Saint Patrick's Day, is the perfect day to plant peas, according to a widespread urban legend (in many regions).
  • It is believed that the phrase "green thumb" was first used during the reign of King Edward I of England in the United Kingdom. The story goes that King Edward I loved eating green peas so much that he assigned six of his serfs the task of shelling green peas for him throughout the growing season. The award was given to the serf who demonstrated the most ability with the grown plants.
  • Even if there is still almost one foot of snow on the ground, you will be able to learn how to plant peas with the assistance of this engaging video produced by the Almanac Editor.



Pest/Disease TypeSymptoms Control/Prevention
Aphids InsectLeaves that are distorted and yellow, twisted blooms and fruit, sticky "honeydew" (which is the feces generated by aphids), sooty, black mold that grows on honeydew, and a massive population of ants on plants are all symptoms of aphid infestation.Grow companion plants that will either lure aphids away (like nasturtiums) or repel them outright (like basil, rosemary, and plants with a strong aroma); Spray the plants with water to remove the aphids and apply insecticidal soap; place banana or orange peel around the plants; wipe the leaves with a solution of liquid dish soap and water at a concentration of 1-2 percent once every 2-3 days for two weeks; add native plants to the garden to attract natural enemies of the aphids. You may view photographs of aphids and obtain further information by clicking here.
Fusarium WiltFungusPlants begin to wilt throughout the day (sometimes on just one side), their leaves turn yellow (starting with the lowest leaves), and eventually, the entire plant wilts and dies; their growth is hindered; There is a dark discoloration seen in the stem cross-section.Destroy plants that have been diseased, and prevent the buildup of too much nitrogen in the soil. Raising the pH of acidic soils to 7.0 and selecting tolerant types are good things to do. Sanitize tools between use; Crop rotation should be something you do.
Downy Mildew FungusAngular yellow patches on the top surfaces of the leaves, which eventually turn brown; white, purple, and gray cottony growth on the undersides of the leaves exclusively; deformed leaves; defoliationRemove plant residues, pick resistant kinds, ensure adequate air circulation, and avoid watering the plants from above.
Mexican Bean Beetles Insectleaves that are skeletonized and lacy, as well as black holes on the podsHandle with care, then purchase and set free any helpful wasps. When beetle larvae are spotted, the species Pediobius foveolatus kills heavily infected plants. This page contains photographs as well as other information on Mexican bean beetles.
Powdery Mildew FungusIn most cases, white spots on top leaf surfaces may develop to form a flour-like coating over the entire leaf, the foliage may yellow or die, and the leaves and flowers may be deformation or stunting.Destroy any plants or leaves infected, pick resistant kinds, plant in full sun if possible, ensure adequate air circulation, and spray plants with one teaspoon of baking soda soaked in 1 quart of water. Take out contaminated plant material from the garden and dispose of it properly (don't compost it). Look through the available pictures and read further details on powdery mildew here.
Root-knot Nematodes InsectThe plant's roots get "knotted" or galled, and the plant itself becomes stunted, yellow, and wilted.
Destroy any infected plant matter, paying specific attention to the roots; select resistant plant species; solarize the soil; add compost or manure that has aged; sterilize gardening tools between uses, and till the ground in the fall. Crop rotation should be something you do.
Wireworms InsectPests can cause problems for young plants and seeds that have recently been sown. Seeds are eaten completely, seedlings are cut off, the plants are stunted and withering, and the roots are devoured.Plant seeds in warm soil to hasten the process of germination; ensure that adequate drainage is provided; clear away dead plants after the growing season is through, and rotate your crops. If the infestation is severe enough, construct a trap by digging holes that are 2 to 4 inches deep every 3 to 10 feet, filling each gap with a mixture of germinating beans, corn, and peas or potato sections as bait, and then covering the holes with soil or a board. After one week, uncover the gaps and kill the collected wireworms.
White Mold FungusPods close to the ground develop a cottony mold and black spots, and rather than becoming leathery or dry, they become slimy. As a result, they are no longer edible.Collect all of the infected pods and put them in the compost. If the weather remains dry for an extended period, otherwise healthy plants may produce a second harvest. To prevent this, ensure adequate air circulation around the plants and that they receive a lot of sunlight so they can rapidly dry up when it rains. Use mulch. Stay away from watering the plants above and water the soil at ground level.




  • Cream Of Green Pea Soup
  • Gingered Beef, Snow Peas, And Carrots
  • Green Pea Walnut Pesto
  • Peas And Egg Fried Rice
  • Papa's Sugar Pea And Veggie Medley

Cooking Notes

Because peas quickly grow rough and lose their flavor after being picked, it is preferable to use them as soon as possible after they have been gathered. You may use peas in various dishes, including soups, salads, and side dishes.

Peas, particularly green peas, are a delectable food that may be added to salads or raw as a snack. Adding peas to a wide range of recipes, such as pasta, soup, casseroles, stir-fries, and sautés, results in a flavorful and satisfying meal. Depending on when you picked them, there is a substantial amount of variance in the length of time necessary to boil green peas, and you may find this variety in the required amount of time. When compared to those that are older and starchier, those that are younger and smaller require less amount of time to cook.

peas cooking

peas cooking

To steam peas, fill a saucepan with enough water to reach a depth of one inch, bring the water to a boil, place a steamer basket inside the pot, and then add the peas one at a time while covering the pool with a lid. Bring the peas to a boil for three to four minutes, or until they are tender but still have some bite to them. You should spend about two minutes steaming the rice to finish cooking it. You also have the option of preparing this dish in the microwave by placing it in a container that is safe for cooking in the microwave, covering it with a lid, and then adding two tablespoons of water to the plate. When cooking food in a microwave, use the highest power setting and check the food every two minutes to see whether it is done. You must decide how much butter and salt you want to add to the dish.

This information may come as a shock to you, but the tendrils of the pea plant can also be eaten. It would help if you began collecting these immature pea shoots when they reached a height between 12 and 18 inches above the ground. Consume the tender young shoots as quickly as possible after harvesting, just as you would with peas. They are more susceptible to damage at this stage. Sprinkle over salads or stir-fry dishes right before serving, or add them at the end of the cooking process.