How to Cultivate Beautiful Lily Flower: A Comprehensive Guide On Growing Lilies

Lily Flower

Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 12/4/2022

Are you interested in expanding the variety of flowers in your garden? Don't settle for anything mediocre. A stunning perennial from bulbs, lilies are known for their beautiful flowers. Did you know that in addition to its exquisite appearance and often strong scent, this magnificent flower is also a plant that can withstand a lot of stress throughout its growth? Learn all you need to know about lily flowers, including cultivating and caring for them, in the following guide. Thanks to the vast selection of hybrids available, you can select from a broad range of flower kinds, colors, and growth patterns. Your garden can only benefit from adding a new cultivar, whether you choose something traditional or more up-to-date. By reading this beginner's guide, you will learn about the lily flower and how to cultivate your very own. Included in this package are vibrant colors and crisp digital aromas.

How To Cultivate And Grow Lilies

How to Grow Lilies

Why deprive your yard or home of the beautiful and aromatic scent that lily flowers may provide? Anyone may try their hand at growing lilies in their home garden. To cultivate this flower, you do not need to have previous experience in gardening. Despite their fragile appearance, lilies are very resilient.

Creating A Garden Full Of Lily Flowers To Plant

Planting Lily Flowers in the Garden

Planting your lily bulb in the autumn will give it a head start when growing flowers. However, there is no need to panic if you cannot do it in the time since you can still plant the bulbs in the spring. In any case, you should be careful about how you grow it.

  • To properly secure the plant and ensure enough drainage, set the bulb at a depth of at least 8 inches (inches) in a raised bed.
  • If you have daily temperatures above 90 degrees Fahrenheit, you should plant the bulb at a depth of around 12 inches.
  • When planting your lily flower, amend the soil with some garden lime to make it more neutral.

The planting of this flower in the ground outdoors is not a difficult task at all!

Bringing A Lily Flower From Its Seed To Full Bloom

Growing a Lily Flower from Seed

Things get a little more complicated if you wish to cultivate lilies from seed. Cultivating them from seed may be difficult, but you can still have decent results with a reasonable bit of work. This is because growing bulbous plants, in general, can be complex. Keeping in mind that a seed-grown lily plant might take more than one and a half years to reach maturity, it is important to keep this in mind before beginning the process. I am sure that you are the kind of person who is capable of exercising patience, and that is great. When shopping for lily flower seeds, it is important to check for epigeal sources. These germinate and develop at a quicker rate than hypogeal seeds.

The following is a guide for growing epigeal lily flowers:

First, Obtain The Appropriate Cooking Vessel

Pick a container that has a depth of at least 4 inches. It's not going to work with shallower pots.

The Second Step Is To Make The Potting Mixture

Fill the container up with lightweight potting soil that has some vermiculite in it. Before planting, thoroughly saturate the growing medium with water and let it dry completely.

Step 3: Make Sure There Is Adequate Drainage

You might improve drainage by placing a thin layer of stones at the bottom of the container, and there should be holes at the bottom for drainage.

Step 4: Plant The Seeds In The Correct Way

Plant each seed about one inch apart, after which you should cover the container and place it on a warm windowsill. After around 14 days, you should see sprouting from the seeds, at which point you should remove the covering.

Step 5 – Fertilize

You should apply a natural fertilizer such as organic fish oil every two weeks to your plants.

Helping The Flower Grow Is The Sixth Step

Move the container outdoors to a spot shielded from the elements and receive whole light around four weeks after the leaves first emerge. Maintain a consistent watering schedule and treat the area with a fungicide and mulch.

Step 7: Develop A Capacity For Patience

When spring has arrived, remove the mulch from around the plants and then wait for them to mature, putting on more leaves and flowers. If you find yourself possessing hypogeal lily flower seeds, you should plant the seedlings at the beginning of the summer and then wait for them to germinate for three months. When the bulbs have reached their mature size, place them in a bag and store them in the refrigerator until spring. They may be planted in the spring in the same manner as epigeal seeds. It's essential to remember that it might take hypogeal lilies up to four years to bloom, but once they do, the blossoms are often breathtaking.

How To Cultivate Lilies Indoors In Containers

How to Grow Lily Flowers in Pots

It is easy to cultivate lily blossoms in containers. However, you should probably avoid planting species that can reach heights of more than two feet, or else you will need to provide support for them. Here are our suggestions.

First Step: Make Sure The Light Bulbs Are Prepared

You may plant the bulbs in the early spring or early autumn. If the bulbs have not been put into dormancy artificially, you will need to place them in the refrigerator for around 8–12 weeks.

The Second Step Is To Plant The Bulbs

Plant bulbs of a larger size into pots measuring 8-9 inches deep and bulbs of a smaller size into containers measuring 9-10 inches. At the very bottom of the container, you need to be sure to add a layer of pebbles or another type of drainage material.

Step 3: Arrange The Light Bulbs In The Appropriate Spaces And Positions

Keep a space of two inches between the bulbs. Plant the bulbs so that the pointed end faces upward at a depth equal to the bulb's height. 

Necessary: Make an exception for species that produce new growth from the stem by planting their bulbs about twice as deep, which applies to most plant families.

The Fourth Step Is To Add Some Compost

Compost made from the soil should be spread on top of the potting media. After planting the bulbs, ensure the container is kept in a warm location, and the compost is kept moist but not soaked.

Fifth Step: Give Them Someplace Warm To Stay

You should bring the lily bloom that is potted inside for the winter.

Step 6: Repot The Plant In The Autumn Or Transfer It To The Garden

You should report the bloom in the autumn after the leaves have died off so that it may continue to thrive. Pick a vessel with more capacity. In addition to that, add some fresh compost and fertilizer. You also have the option of planting the bulbs on the ground of the garden.

Are The Lily Flowers Dangerous to Eat?

Are Lily Flowers Toxic?

Lily blooms are very toxic to cats, and there is some evidence that they are also toxic to canines. If consumed, they have the potential to induce acute renal failure. If you do decide to cultivate them, you must do it in a location where it is unlikely that young cats may come into touch with them.

Caution: Lily blooms may also harm humans, particularly infants and other people who could consume them.

Care For The Lily Flower

Lily Flower Care

Do you appreciate the beauty of flowers more than the time and effort it takes to care for them? You are most likely not the only one who feels this way.

However, cultivating a lily bloom is hardly the most challenging thing that can be done in the world. There are quite a few plants in this world that have an air of superiority.

The following is a list of the essential information on the maintenance of lily flowers. The fact remains that different species might have specific needs, so it is necessary to keep that in mind.

Soil

Soil

The most critical thing that must be done to keep a lily bloom happy is ensuring excellent drainage conditions. In addition, lilies will be grateful to you if you put them in nutrient-dense soil. However, there is no need to fertilize them in excess.

Tip: The ideal pH range for lilies is between 5.5 and 6.5. Aim for a level somewhere in that range.

Light

Light

Most lilies need a daily minimum of six hours in direct sunlight. However, this only holds for the top half of the bloom; the plant as a whole does best when the roots are kept at a cold temperature. Planting a lily flower beside tall grass or other low-growing plants is an excellent method that may be used. As a general rule, plant kinds that are successful in the wild are better able to tolerate mild shade.

Temperature

Most lilies thrive at temperatures between -10 and -20 degrees Fahrenheit during the winter months and between 10 and 20 degrees Fahrenheit during the growing season. Cold and hot temperatures outside this range will cause them to become sensitive. Look for hybrids or cultivars that have been bred specifically for your region if you want to increase your chances of success in growing plants in warmer climates.

Watering

Watering

Do you remember the part where I mentioned how vital drainage is for lily flowers? The water requirements of lilies are relatively low. However, it is preferable to maintain a consistent level of moisture throughout the soil, and it can cause harm to the roots by allowing them to dry out thoroughly. During dry weather, it is important to water your lilies more often. It is especially important to pay close attention to the watering needs of late-blooming cultivars, which continue to develop their foliage even as summer progresses.

Fertilizer

Fertilizer

If you put your lily flower in healthy soil that is well-drained and rich in organic matter, you can forget about fertilizer. Your lily flower will thrive on its own. However, if you are unsure about the quality of the soil, you should use a fertilizer with a high potassium content twice a month after planting. Continue using it for about six weeks after the plant has bloomed. By applying a layer of compost to the soil around the plant in the spring, you may give it a boost in terms of its overall health. If your plant has produced very few or very few flowers in the past, you may want to try feeding it a bone meal or similar bulb food just before the season for blooming begins.

The Meaning Of The Lily Flower

Lily Flower Meaning

Among other things, true lilies symbolize virginity, purity, young beauty, fertility, motherhood, passion, rejuvenation, and determination. They are also associated with monarchy. The term "lily" originates from a Greek word, which may be traced back to one of the earliest known origins for the word “flower.” The lily is one of the plants that come to mind for the majority of people all over the globe when they hear the term “flower.” The lily flower was often mentioned in the religious mythology of both the Greeks and the Romans. According to a persistent belief, the flower sprang from the breast milk of Hera, who was Zeus's wife at the time. Meanwhile, Venus, the goddess of beauty, was envious of the purity of the lily and wanted to ruin it, so she allowed the pistil to sprout from it. Venus is also known as the goddess of love. The majority of people in this day and age would say that she was unsuccessful. The lily has been and will continue to be seen as a symbol of royalty throughout the ages. The fleur de Lis is a kind of lily that inspired the royal emblem of France and other countries. More functional applications of the lily have been discovered in the Far East. The Chinese strongly believe that it may heal broken hearts, which is why they often present it as a gift to those who have been through a period of grief. While doing so, it continues to be a favorite plant choice for weddings.

What Do The Different Colors Of Lilies Mean?

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We have discussed the broad connotations that are associated with the lily flower. Now, let's zero in on the unique purposes of each lily color. 

Because of its association with innocence and sublimity, white lily flowers are often used in ceremonies associated with weddings and funerals. Flower arrangements composed of white lilies and roses are often used for melancholy events. 

The excitement, brightness, and happiness that yellow lily blooms represent may be seen in their appearance. 

They are lovely to use when you want to let someone know that you appreciate their friendship or when you want to show gratitude for a family member. 

Because orange lily flowers symbolize self-assurance, honor, and warmth, they are an excellent gift to present to a person who inspires awe in you or commemorates their accomplishments.

Depending on the recipient, pink lily flowers may be given as a gesture of sympathy and appreciation, or they can be given as a sign of love and romance. 

Flowers of the purple lily kind represent pride, achievement, dignity, and monarchy; thus, they make an excellent present for an important event.

Different Kinds Of Lilies

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It is standard practice to classify lilies into several divisions according to the region from whence they originated and the qualities they have in common. There are a variety of plant species and cultivars available to choose and select from within each category. You should be familiar with the following kinds of lilies since they are the most popular.

Hybrids deriving from Asia

Asiatic Hybrids

Asiatic hybrid lilies are available in a wide variety of hues, are simple to cultivate, and bloom earlier than most other types of lilies. They are very resistant to the cold. On the other hand, Asiatic hybrids do not possess the heady scent that different types of lilies carry. Most cultivars may achieve a height of 4 inches, and they thrive when grown in pots. If you want to start growing lilies but don't know where to begin, Asiatic Hybrids are an excellent option.

Always And Only Susan, The Lily Flower

Forever Susan Lily Flower

A dramatic mix of dark orange and purple is seen on the lily known as Forever Susan, which blooms in the summer. It is a joy to see it develop right in front of your eyes.

The Bee Lily flower Is One Of The Tiniest Flowers You Can Find On The Planet

Tiny Bee Lily Flower

One excellent illustration of the allure of Asiatic hybrids is this dwarf lily with golden petals with spots on them. It thrives in the ground and containers, making it a versatile plant that can be used in various settings.

Flower Elodie Lily Elodie

Elodie Lily Flower

This pollen-free, delicate-looking, baby-pink lily is a popular choice in Asia, and for a good reason. It is undoubtedly one of the most eye-catching pink types that can be found.

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Martagon Hybrids

Martagon Hybrids

The early-blooming hybrid lily blossoms would rather be in the shadow and cooler temperatures than in hot and humid conditions. In addition to their peculiar blossoms that hang downward and defy the laws of gravity, they feature intriguing leaves that spiral in a helix-like pattern. One thing to keep in mind regarding Martagon hybrids is that for them to become established, they need some time. Cultivating them from cuttings rather than seeds is recommended, as is the case with most other kinds.

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Flower Of The Turk's Cap Lily

Turk’s Cap Lily Flower

These Martagon hybrids may provide a unique touch to your landscape thanks to the abundant blooms they produce and the geometric shapes that defy the laws of gravity. Do you know how these flowers came to be known by their name?

Candidum Hybrids

Candidum hybrids are distinguished by the sweetly scented white blooms that emerge from their golden bases. Because they bloom so quickly, they may begin to be put on a display in your garden as early as the middle of April. Among the first people to mention lilies were the Greeks, and these particular ones that come to mind (Lilium candidum) are among the earliest lilies to be recorded. They are available in many different countries around Europe.

Flower Of The Madonna Lily

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The stunning white Madonna lily best exemplifies the graceful and sophisticated nature of the white lily. Aside from being one of the oldest garden flowers, this particular variety can also be distinguished by the vivid green rosettes that grow at the base of the plant throughout the winter and by the shallow roots that allow it to grow bulbs. It has fragrant blooms in the form of trumpets at the end of the spring season. You'll be green with envy at its uncomplicated ease.

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Lily Flowers with A Fragrant June Scent

June Fragrance Lily Flower

This well-known cultivar has flowers of creamy white color and a scent that will stick with you. It is an excellent Candidum Hybrid for those who are just starting.

Oriental Hybrids

Oriental Hybrids

Because oriental hybrids bloom so slowly, you won't be able to appreciate their beautiful blossoms until the late summer months. However, once they do come, the wait will have been justified because of the length of their blooms (between 6 and 8 inches) and the gorgeous petals they feature. The flowers may continue to bloom far into the autumn. They also have an exquisite aroma: the cherry on top of the cake. A word of advice: the soil should not be alkaline for optimal growth. 

Flower Of The Acapulco Lily

Acapulco Lily Flower

This stunning lily blossom comes in vivid pink color and has an exotic appearance that may make any garden more enjoyable. Additionally, it is lovely when used as a cut flower. Late in the summer, trumpet-shaped flowers with a faint perfume will blossom, and the plant's thin leaves will retain their green color throughout the season.

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Flower Of The Casablanca Lily

The Casablanca lily, also considered an oriental classic, has completely white petals. Include a heady aroma in the mix, and you have a flower that is ideal for use in bridal arrangements.

Flower of The Stargazer Lily

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This floral butterfly magnet comes in a kaleidoscope of pink colors and has a perfume that will stick with you. One of the most spectacular pink cultivars you can find is, without a doubt, this one.

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Those Made In The USA

American Hybrids

The flowers that belong to this group open their petals either around the end of spring or in the middle of summer, depending on the environment in which they are grown. Because of their name, it should not be a surprise that they are widespread in North America. Some variants have blooms that face downward, much like the Martagon hybrids.

Flower of the Tiger Lily

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This lily flower, one of the most popular lily blooms in the world, does not need any explanation. Blooms of the Tiger Lily face downward and have exquisite petals speckled with black (thus the name "tiger lily"). It is a simple flower to cultivate and, if given enough room, may grow to reach between three and four feet tall. You don't need to go much farther if you want your garden to have a focal point.

Flower Of The Canada Lily

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The Canada lily is an understated beauty that stands out for the beautiful upturned blooms that it bears. It is often called a wild yellow lily or a meadow lily, and it is common to find growing in meadows. This type is easily identifiable by its leaves, which are fashioned like lances, and its stunning blooms, which bloom in the middle of summer and are trumpet-shaped and either yellow, orange, or red.

Longiflorum Hybrids

Longiflorum Hybrids

Longiflorum hybrids, in contrast to other types of lily blossoms, germinate and develop into healthy plants more successfully in containers than in gardens. The vast majority of combinations are dazzlingly white and have a remarkable appearance. The huge flowerhead features blooms that are fashioned like trumpets and exude a strong fragrance. The Easter lily of this kind is the most sought-after option for floral arrangements.

Flower of the Easter Lily

Easter Lily Flower

The Easter lily, most often utilized for decorative purposes, is most likely the most well-known lily in this category. However, it is also possible to cultivate it in a garden without difficulty. Easter is the inspiration for naming this particular type of lily flower since it is often given as a gift during the Easter holiday. It is known for producing lovely white flowers in the shape of trumpets, which not only have an attractive appearance but also carry a wonderful scent. It is interesting to note that this flower is connected with virtues such as faith and dedication.

Hybrids Of The Trumpet And The Aurelian

Trumpet and Aurelian Hybrids

Because these two different types have the same qualities, they are grouped under the same category. Both begin to produce flowers during July and August and like to have their heads in the sun. They do not do well in gardens when grown in hilly areas. There are also parallels in their physical appearance, most notably in the petals' trumpet-like structure. But despite their flowerheads being reminiscent of several Longiflorum hybrids, the flowers themselves come in a wide range of hues, including shades plant of deep yellow and delicate purple.

Flower Of The African Queen Lily

African Queen Lily Flower

One of the most magnificent trumpet hybrids available, the African Queen lily is distinguished by the stunning coloration of its petals, which are apricot in hue. It blooms all during the middle of July on robust, upright branches that may reach a height of up to 6 feet. Not only does it have a captivating appearance, but it also exudes an enticing aroma. It is important to note that this particular lily bloom adores the sun, which, provided that the soil is well-drained makes it an ideal perennial for regions with warm temperatures.

The Regal Lilium, Or Lily Flower

Lilium Regale Lily Flower

This cultivar is well-known for the incredible fragrance that it exudes as well as the enormous pure white blooms that include golden centers. Each stem has the potential to bear up to twenty flowers. These lilies are simple to cultivate and thrive in soil that drains well and receives either full sun or partial shade. It can withstand more extended periods of dryness than many other kinds of lilies.

Interdivisional Hybrids

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Some of the fascinating lily blossoms are those that are the result of cross-divisional breeding. They come about as a result of merging flowers belonging to the many divisions we have just discussed. When Oriental lilies are crossed with Trumpet or Aurelian lilies, the resulting hybrids, known as OTs, have big flowers, intense fragrances, and are very hardy. Longiflorum and Asiatic lilies may be crossed to produce LA hybrids, characterized by their flat, big blooms that have superb color. These are only a few examples of cross-divisional hybrids that may be found in the lily flower family. There is yet a great deal more waiting to be seen by you.

Additional Varieties Of Outdoor Lilies

Some well-known plants are often referred to as lilies even though they do not belong to the lily genus. The Cala and water lily flowers are perhaps the most well-known to people. Important: If you want to grow them, you need to seek detailed instructions on planting them and caring for them. Last but not least, it is important to discuss native lilies, also known as species found in their natural environment. These lilies serve as the foundation for the hybrid groupings that were previously discussed. As a result of their ability to reproduce by seed, wild lily flowers can be quite stunning and can be found in large numbers in areas such as forests, grasslands, and marshes. However, they are often considerably more difficult to cultivate in the garden than hybrids.

You Can Cultivate Your Own Lily Flower

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An old proverb attributed to the English poet Christina Rossetti states that "faith is like a lily, held high and white." To cultivate a lily, you must have some confidence in your gardening abilities. However, it's not even close to being that difficult. You will never have a problem finding a hybrid that suits your preferences since there are so many beautiful kinds from which to pick. There is virtually no reason not to attempt to cultivate a lily at least once in your life. Whether you plant it indoors or outdoors, you will be rewarded with this flower's sophisticated beauty and its often potent fragrance. When was the first time you attempted to cultivate a lily? We are interested in learning about your experience. Leave us a remark, and feel free to share any insights you may have. Until the next post!

Frequently Asked Questions