Lilly Of The Valley Flower Planting, Growing, And Care

Lilly Of The Valley Flower Planting, Growing, And Care

Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 12/4/2022

The "Lilly of the Valley" plant, also known as Convallaria majalis, is one of the flowering plants with the most enticing aroma during the late spring season and the beginning of the summer season in the northern temperate zone. That is true for both the start of the summer and the beginning of the spring. One of the flowering plants you may find in the area is this plant, which you can see there.

The leaves of this plant are of moderate size and shaped like lances; in addition, the foliage color is a vibrant shade of green. Their width can range from three to five inches, and their height can be anywhere from four to eight inches. The stems of this plant are covered in tiny white bell-shaped blooms that exude a fragrant aroma and have the appearance of bells. The scent of the blossoms is very delightful.

Convallaria majors, more generally known as lilly of the valley (not to be confused with Lilium), is a kind of plant that thrives in damp environments and develops into a spreading mass. Its common name comes from the fact that its flowers resemble those of the lilly. The stunning appearance of the plant is maintained for an extended period after it has ceased producing blooms because the seed pods continue to be a vibrant shade of red.

Lilly Of The Valley

The plant is simple to maintain and does not require much care or attention to flourish and mature into its full potential. The conditions of this plant's growth, which include high humidity and some shade, are optimal. When grown in settings of complete darkness and shadow that are dry, the plants are hardy and will not only survive but even thrive under those conditions.

Plants of lilly of the valley, which are also available on Amazon and are referred to as pips, can thrive in either the full sun or the complete shade. That is because the amount of moisture in their surrounding environment determines which environment is optimal for their growth.

Continue reading if you want to learn more about the correct ways to care for and maintain the lilly of the valley plants.

Lilly Of The Valley Planting Instructions

Because of their adaptability and aesthetic appeal, the blossoms of the lilly of the valley plant are frequently used in floral arrangements, which is why they are so popular. It is also known as "Our Lady's Tears," reportedly because, according to folklore, the plant grew from where Eve's tears fell when she and Adam were expelled from the garden of Eden. This is one of the reasons why both know of these names. Because of this, some people refer to it by a different name.

Outdoor Lilly Of The Valley Planting Instructions

Lilly Of The Valley

Late in the fall or very early in the spring, when the plant is dormant, its bare roots are dug out and brought to market, where they are given the moniker "lilly of the valley pips."

These are the rhizomes, the underground stems from which the trumpet-shaped blooms emerge. The underground stems can be identified by their bulbous appearance. The rhizomes are responsible for the production of trumpet-shaped flowers.

To give the seeds of lilly of the valley the best possible chance of successfully germinating in the springtime, you should till the soil as soon as possible after the seeds have been sown. That will give the roots the most excellent chance of successfully germinating.

Throughout the year, the "Valley Lilly" can also be made available for purchase as a plant grown in a container and then potted. This type of "Valley Lilly" is called a potted plant. There is also the possibility of selling this "Valley Lilly" variety.

There is a good chance that you are interested in learning when the best time of the year is to replant the lilly of the valley.

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You need to perform the transplanting when the plants are still in the developing stage to have any chance of successfully establishing lilies of the valley in your garden.

You must be aware that the flowers, as well as the leaves and stems of the lilly of the valley plant, are poisonous to people. If you have small children, it is your job to pay special attention to the things they request from you since you are responsible for fulfilling such requests.

It is necessary that the location you choose has soil that can drain well and that is exposed to at least some sunshine. That is one of the most critical factors in determining the success of your garden. It is not necessary for a lilly of the valley plant to have any specific conditions satisfied in the soil for it to be successful. On the other hand, it does not function particularly well in environments that are particularly humid and damp.

It grows best in soil that is not just moist but also very high in humus content. Adding organic matter to soils, such as peat moss or composted animal manure, is one approach that you may take to improve their quality as a growing medium for plants and crops.

Because of how rapidly it spreads, the lilly of the valley can potentially limit the growth of other types of flowers. That is because it has a deep taproot. It does best when grown in dappled shade, although it can flourish in full sun so long as the summers in the place where it is cultivated do not reach extremely high temperatures.

Lilly Of The Valley

Before planting the lilly bulbs in their new home, it is vital to first let the lilly bulbs, also known as pips, soak in water that is just slightly warmer than room temperature. The pips will be able to adjust to their new habitat more quickly due to this. As time goes on, pip size will increase since they must consume more water, which will cause them to expand. Not only does this jumpstart the process of growth, but it also encourages following development to take place.

If the pip has roots, cut them off about a half inch from the end so they can branch out more quickly. As a consequence of this, there is going to be a significantly increased likelihood that the aromatic flowers will thrive in the garden.

It is recommended that space around one and a half inches wide be left between the pips of lilly of the valley and that the top be lifted just slightly above the surface of the soil. Make sure that they are getting enough amount of water by checking on them.

Taking into mind or taking into consideration the weather, there should be around a week's worth of growth on the plants.

When exactly will the flower of the lilly of the valley make its first appearance?

This herbaceous perennial plant has dark green leaves that are shaped like ovals. The plant itself is perpetual and herbaceous, and it can start flowering anywhere from the middle of spring up until the end of the season; however, it does depend on the region.

Because the leaves provide nutrients for the pips, the plant should be allowed to keep its leaves even after the blooms have died off. That will result in the plant producing brand new blossoms in the form of bells the following spring.

The delightful scent of the Lilly-like petals of the perennial Lilly of the Valley will permeate the air and spread throughout the garden as it matures over time to cover the ground in the park like a thick carpet of green leaves. That will occur as the perennial Lilly of the Valley develops over time to cover the ground in the garden like a thick carpet of green leaves. You can prune the plant to make it more manageable by removing some of the branches if you notice a decline in the number of blossoms shown on the plant.

You are not required to prune the plant's leaves; nevertheless, you may feed the plant with proper nutrients by laying mulch over the tips of the plant. That will not demand further work from you, which will require you to put in additional effort.

Growing A Lilly Of The Valley Plant In A Pot Vs. Outdoors

Lilly Of The Valley

You will be successful if you attempt to cultivate lilly of the valley in containers or pots because doing so is possible and feasible.

Before you can put humus-rich potting soil inside a container, the container must have adequate drainage first, which is an essential prerequisite.

Place the container in an area that will expose it to some sunlight but not an excessive amount.

Before cutting the pips to one and a half centimeters, you should soak them in warm water for a few hours to stimulate new growth and trim them to that length. That is similar to how you would plant the seeds of a lilly of the valley in the ground outside. Make sure that the point of the pip only grazes the surface of the earth when you are planting pip seeds, and then immediately after planting, give the soil an extensive soaking with water.

Lilly Of The Valley Plant Care Instructions

Even though cultivating lilies of the valley requires adhering to the below-mentioned best practices, a complete lilly of the valley garden can have the appearance of sophistication due to the plant's stunning beauty.

Lilly Of The Valley

The following are some of how you should deliver the results if you want the greatest possible ones:

  • Stale manure
  • Lichen is known as the mushroom cap
  • Perlite
  • One variety of fertilizer that is capable of dissolving in water

After you have ensured that you have everything necessary, you need to proceed with the processes that are indicated in the following paragraphs:

It is of the utmost importance that you make sure that the site in which your facility is placed is appropriate, as was indicated previously. To eliminate any potential source of competition, the area in question needs to have any existing vegetation eradicated as quickly as possible. That needs to be done to ensure that no time is wasted.

On top of the soil, you should apply a three-inch thick layer consisting of peat moss, aged manure, and perlite. It would be best if you worked the organic additions into the ground so that they become a part of the soil to a depth of between 6 and 8 inches so that you can amend the earth with organic matter.

When you plant the lilly of the valley, you should ensure that the plants are positioned at the same level in the soil as they were in the nursery container. That will help ensure that the lilly of the valley blooms appropriately. It is vital to give the plant water as soon as possible to provide the soil time to settle and assist the plant in growing roots. You can accomplish this by providing the plant with water.

Lilly Of The Valley

It is necessary to rinse the soil consistently to maintain the optimum moisture content in the ground. You need to start applying fertilizer in the spring with a balanced formula of 10-10-10 and continue using a water-soluble fertilizer through the blooming stage. Applying compost and aged manure as a top layer increases the total number of nutrients available to the plant.

Because it is such an aggressive plant, the lilly of the valley can quickly establish ground cover and drive away the vegetation of its neighbors. That is because the plant tends to spread rapidly. That is because the plant has a very high capacity for reproducing itself. If you want to prevent Convallaria majors from quickly spreading throughout your yard, it is recommended that you cultivate the plant in flower beds or plant pots that have boundaries. That will prevent the plant from becoming invasive.

Is Convallaria A Problem?

Lilly of the valley plants are capable of rapid proliferation in their environment if they are provided with ideal growing conditions, so please take note of this fact. Because they have this characteristic, they are an excellent contender for the role of ground cover in a wide variety of environments. On the other hand, the lilly of the valley can become an invasive species if it is allowed to grow unchecked as a ground cover plant in settings that are not ideal for its growth. That can happen when the plant is grown in situations that are not optimal for its development.

Increasing Lilly Of The Valley Plants

Lilly Of The Valley

It is vital to divide the rhizomes of the lilly of the valley plant to ensure that the plant will continue to exist in the future.

It is best to divide the plant in the fall after the leaves have fallen off and the plant has reached its dormant period, and this will ensure that the divisions are successful.

It is necessary to have the following things to carry out the activity of propagating:

  • Hand pruners
  • Which tool would be more beneficial to you: a pick or a pitchfork?
  • Garden hose
  • A remedy that contains chlorine bleach (consisting of 10 percent bleach and 90 percent water).
  • Bladed instrument
  • A cutting surface that is acceptable for use.
  • Compost

The steps that you should take to complete the procedure are as follows:

Cut the leaves of the plants that are wilting using the hand pruner (we recommend Felco #2), bringing the height of the plant down to only six inches, and bringing the width of the plant down to only six inches. During the process of propagation and transplanting, this will help limit the amount of water lost via the plant leaves. That is going to work out to our benefit.

Lilly Of The Valley

To get rid of the lilly of the valley plant, use a pitchfork or a garden shovel to dig up the rhizome clump from the bed. Maintain a safe space between yourself and the plant to prevent any harm from being inflicted on the plant's roots. Dig out as much surrounding ground as possible as you remove the rhizomes. It would be best if you tried removing as much as possible.

You will see the rhizome in much more detail if you use the garden hose to make a fine mist and spray it over the root mass. When you need to remove clumps of soil, use your fingers to do it, but be careful not to cause any damage to the roots while you work.

Before extracting the rhizome from the bleach solution, it must first be submerged in the solution for 10 seconds. It is envisaged that you would protect the plant against any diseases to which it may become susceptible in the future due to this measure.

Not only should the knife be washed, but it must also be immersed in the bleach solution before it can be considered sanitized.

To locate the "eyes," you will need to reposition the rhizome to lie horizontally on the cutting surface. The term "eye" refers to any pink protrusion that you can find on the rhizome, and this is the spot where new plants will bud as the rhizome grows in size. Each of the individual sections of the rhizome should have at least two eyes after the segmentation process is complete.

Lilly Of The Valley

When planting the rhizome, do it at a depth of between two and three inches and use soil rich in compost.

There is also the possibility of cultivating lilly of the valley from seeds; however, the young plants will require a great deal of attention and care to mature to the point where you can transplant them into their permanent places.

Every four to six years, clumps should have divisions performed on them as this is the best way to maintain their health. When the blooms on the plant appear to be fewer in number and less brilliant than they once were, this strongly indicates that the plant needs to be divided into multiple smaller plants.

Pests & Diseases Of The Lilly Of The Valley

Near the base of the stem, near the ground, one may observe a yellow, ball-like development characteristic of southern blight. This formation can be found near the bottom of the stem, and you'll find this structure at the very bottom of the plant. It is possible that eliminating the plant that is afflicted with the illness and applying fungicide to other plants to control the disease are viable management strategies.

A few different types of tiny spots can occur on leaves, including leaf spots and anthracnose. When the leaf turns yellow, the sites get water-logged and change to a color halfway between a ruddy brown and a dark brown.

Lilly Of The Valley

It is simple to keep under control if you do not water the plants themselves with a sprinkler but instead water the soil all around the plants. That will ensure that water is distributed evenly, and this will aid in preventing any weeds from spreading further. The use of soaker hoses is an efficient method that you can utilize to provide a significant amount of water to the plants in your garden.

The appearance of orange-brown spore masses emerging from the bottom surface of the leaf and the formation of tiny yellow leaf spots on the upper surface of the leaf are telltale signs of rust. Rust can also be identified by the presence of small yellow leaf spots on the upper surface of the leaf. The fungus known as rust can infect many different kinds of plants. It has been determined that using fungicides is the only strategy capable of effectively addressing this problem.

If a plant has foliar nematodes, which can be diagnosed based on this symptom, the patches surrounding the plant's veins may turn yellow and brown. By watering the plants in such a way as to prevent excess moisture from condensing on the leaves of the plants and by getting rid of any plants that are already affected by the illness, you can bring this problem under control.

Another type of insect that feeds on plants and can cause damage to their leaves is the weevil. After the plant has completed flowering, the weevils of the black vine begin to attack it. These attacks can last for quite some time. These weevils consume the plant's leaves along the margins where they feed. It is possible to get rid of the insects causing damage to the plants by using an effective method such as spraying the plants with neem oil, which contains an insecticide, two or three times throughout seven to ten days.

Lilly Of The Valley

A telltale symptom of giant snails and slugs on plants is the presence of irregularly shaped holes left behind by these pests. They are at their most dangerous and destructive during the months that see the most rain, and this is also when they cause the most damage. They are, however, susceptible to being caught in traps that can be purchased on the market and are, therefore, at risk of being caught.

Be sure to keep an eye out for the following distinct cultivars when you are out shopping for plants:

Although the leaves are black, the cultivar of Convallaria majalis, known as "Albostriata," is named for its longitudinal stripes that range in color from white to cream, and the plant itself is referred to as "Albostriata."

This specific species of the Convallaria majalis plant is known as "Aureomarginata," and the color of the margins on the leaves of this plant can range from white to yellow.

This particular variation of the Convallaria majalis plant, known as "Rosea," can be identified by its pinkish color. Even though it is not quite as potent as the kind that produces white blossoms, this one is breathtaking, even though it does not generate as many blooms.

This particular species, which can be found in the region now known as the United States of America and goes by the name Convallaria majuscule "Greene," is indigenous to the area. It serves a valuable purpose as a natural ground cover, and it creates a gorgeous carpet in the voids between the many different kinds of native plants found in the area where it is located.

Poisonous Berries

Lilly Of The Valley

Would it be possible to draw your attention to the fact that the berries that come from the lilly of the valley plant are toxic? It is strongly advised that the red berries be gathered and stored in a location inaccessible to humans and animals. That is done to ensure the safety of all individuals, including both human beings and animals (children and animals).

You should research to determine whether or not the lilly of the valley has any potentially dangerous components.

In addition, because the scent of lilly of the valley is so "intoxicating," it is used in the production of a wide variety of candles and other goods that are made from food-grade paraffin. You may find these candles and other items in many different stores.