How To Grow Japanese Tree Peony Pluto: A Definitive Guide


Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 12/4/2022

Are you interested in bringing more variety to your garden? Peonies are herbaceous perennials renowned for their ruffled flowers and subtle color palettes. Peonies can live for several years, producing large blooms that are often fragrant.

Peonies can return year after year in the spring for at least a hundred years, even though most peony cultivars only have a brief flowering period of around ten days. What a solid character you have! The most well-known kinds of peony, as well as important information regarding their cultivation and maintenance, will be covered in depth in this instruction manual.

Grow Japanese Tree Peony Pluto

These beautiful plants are available in many hues, including white, yellow, pink, purple, and red. There is significant disagreement over the number of peony flower species, but a reasonable estimate would put the number at around 33 species. This provides a diverse range of possibilities from which to select.

Keep reading this article to discover what peonies are and all you need to know to start cultivating your own and protect them from frequent illnesses.

The Correct Way To Pronounce Peonies

The Correct Way To Pronounce Peonies

First, let's get the pronunciation of peony out of the way. Look this up on Google, and you'll likely get a few different results for possible solutions. The word is often spoken with an emphasis on the first syllable; therefore, it is pronounced pee-uh-nee. Pee-oh-nee is the pronunciation that many people tend to choose, though.

You can go either way at the end of the day. Do you think that others will understand what you are talking about?

What Do Peonies Mean?

The Meaning of Peonies

Peonies, like many other well-known flowers, have more than one interpretation, and this interpretation might change depending on where you live. Peonies are often associated with riches, prosperity, success, honor, compassion, romance, and even bashfulness and embarrassment. Peonies are mentioned in several Greek mythologies. A peony root was used to treat Pluto by Paeon, the healer of the gods, who used a peony root to treat Pluto. This is one version of the legend.

of Peonies

Because he was envious of his student's talent, Aesculapius, his instructor, plotted to assassinate him. However, Pluto came to his rescue by converting him into a peony flower, which he hoped would garner acclaim and admiration from others, as was the case. According to a different version of the narrative, the flower's name comes from Paeonia, a nymph who attracted Apollo's affection, much to Aphrodite's chagrin. The nymph's face flushed scarlet with embarrassment, and the goddess converted her into a peony of the same color.
The peony is highly esteemed throughout Asia, particularly by the Chinese, who refer to it as "the most beautiful flower" and "the king of flowers." In point of fact, up until the year 1929, it served as China's national flower.

Intimately connected with monarchy and honor, it plays a significant part in the rituals and celebrations practiced in religious communities today.

The Meaning Of Different Peony Colors

Peony Meaning by Colors

Peonies, like many other types of flowers, come in various colors, and each hue conveys its unique message. Peonies in pink signify love and romance, especially the love that can develop between two strangers. When it comes to weddings, pink peony bouquets and table centerpieces created out of this flower are popular choices.

Peony Pluto

Peonies, predominantly white or very light pink, signify modesty. These are the flowers you hand someone to demonstrate that you are sorry for having brought about an unpleasant circumstance. Particularly in Asian cultures, the color red is associated with dignity and respect, as well as riches and success.

Different kinds Of Peonies

Different kinds Of peonies

Peonies put on a show with a diverse arrangement of petals and hues, ranging from refined single-petal accounts to opulent cultivars that submerge you in their beauty and scent. Peonies are available in a wide range of colors.
You have a wide range of possibilities to select from because most types are simple to cultivate.

Herbaceous Peonies Versus Tree Peonies

Herbaceous Peonies Versus Tree Peonies

Herbaceous peonies often referred to as bush peonies, wither and die when the cold weather arrives. In the spring, they regain their vitality. They are hardy, with flowers that persist for an extended period, and are simple to cultivate.

Tree peonies are distinguished by their woody stems and the fact that they shed their leaves in the fall when they are no longer actively developing. However, the branches continue to grow above the ground and produce new flowers at a rate that is often faster than herbaceous species. Many species of trees are perennials and produce enormous blossoms.

Toichi Itoh, a Japanese breeder, crossed a herbaceous peony with a tree peony in the late 1940s, which resulted in the creation of an intersectional peony, also known as an "Itoh" peony.

Itoh peony doesn't survive the winter, but they keep their bushy look and are still relatively minor. They mix the most significant characteristics of herbaceous and tree peonies. Now that you are familiar with the primary groupings of peonies, it is time to learn about some of the most well-known types of peonies.

1. Beauty's Bowl Of Delight (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Beauty's Bowl Of Delight (Paeonia Lactiflora)

This peony is stunning to look at, with its crown of pinkish-purple petals that are hardy and prominent stamens that are either white or yellow. It is beautiful both in the garden and in spontaneous or well-planned bouquets so that you may use it in either setting.

2. Reine Hortense Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Reine Hortense Peony

Reine Hortense is an antique type of geranium that may give your garden a unique look and feel thanks to its color, which defies straightforward classification. One of the many amazing things about it is how its blossoms, as the plant ages, subtly change color, alternating between white and pink due to this.

3. Peony Cardinal Vaughan Vaughan (Paeonia Suffruticosa)

Peony Cardinal Vaughan

This magenta purple kind of tree peony blossom is one of the most magnificent tree peony flowers you'll come across. A cactus can grow as tall as 7 feet throughout its lifetime.

4. Pink Hawaiian Coral Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Pink Hawaiian Coral Peony

This one may sound foreign, but it's relatively simple to cultivate as long as you offer some support for the stems. Because the flowers may grow rather heavy, they are prone to be covered in mud when it rains heavily.

5. Buckeye Belle Peony (Paeonia Officinalis x Paeonia Lactiflora)

Buckeye Belle Peony

One of the peonies known as the "Buckeye Belly" can cause people to halt in their tracks and stare in awe at it. This excellent border flower features golden anthers that compete with the vividly colored petals for your attention. When exposed to light, it has a stunning appearance.

6. Peony Is Known As Prairie Charm (Paeonia Intersectional Hybrid)

(Paeonia Intersectional Hybrid)

This peony may grow up to 30 inches tall and has a delicate fragrance. It is known for its buttery yellow flowers. This plant is an intersectional hybrid, also known as an Itoh hybrid.

7. The Very First Peony To Arrive (Paeonia Intersectional Hybrid)

Very First Peony To Arrive

Another popular hybrid, this one makes an early entrance in your spring garden and puts on a show of lovely pink flowers that can last up to four weeks.

It does best when planted in nutrient-rich soil and should be kept at a respectful distance from other plants.

8. The White Peony Grown By Charlie (Paeonia Lactiflora)

White Peony Grown By Charlie

This type features opulent ivory flowers grouped in a traditional peony fashion. It has a lovely crinkled texture in the center and a light, pleasant aroma.

9. Peony With Raspberry Sundae (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Peony With Raspberry Sundae (Paeonia Lactiflora)

This Chinese variety packs a rosy punch that is sure to grab people's attention, and it tastes just as good as its name suggests. Regarding its aroma, well, you'll have to find out for yourself what it smells like.

10. Karl Rosenfield Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Karl Rosenfield Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

This particular variety of peony is a cultivar over a century old, flaunting its exquisite aroma and double crimson flowers with great pride.

11. White Peony With Wrinkled Petals (Paeonia Lactiflora)

White Peony With Wrinkled Petals

Do you call a warm climate home? Your landscape could benefit from the sophisticated addition of Krinkled White. Due to the strong contrast between the yellow core and the vast, white blossoms, this plant is excellent for use in beautiful settings.

12. Jean Ericksen Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Jean Ericksen Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Peony "Jean Ericksen" blooms in the middle of the season and attracts hummingbirds like a magnet. Pick it out because of the rich red color of its petals and the abundance of blossoms it produces.

13. Bartzella Peony (Paeonia Intersectional Hybrid)

Bartzella Peony

The "Bartzella" is an Itoh peony shrub with a yellowish hue that has a rapid growth rate and may produce more than 20 blooms from a single color.

It is simple to care for and does not have any particular requirements, just like most other types.

14. Miss America Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Miss America Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

The elegant display of snow-white petals that Miss America, who has a prodigious capacity for blooming, puts on. Because it can withstand the cold, this kind is an excellent option if you reside in a more temperate area.

15. The Princess Of The Fair Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Princess Of The Fair Peony

Although it only reaches a height of 20 inches, "Fairy Princess" is an ideal plant for use as a border because of its red satin petals and yellow flares.

Even though it may be grown in different kinds of soil, it is most successful when grown in a loamy soil.

16. Sweet Marjorie Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Sweet Marjorie Peony (Paeonia Lactiflora)

Sweet Marjorie is a beautiful cultivar that can grab the center stage in any flower arrangement thanks to its brilliant display of petals and deep dark pinks.

Advice On Planting And Caring For Peonies

Planting And Caring For Peonies

Peonies are some of the garden plants that live the longest, provided they are planted in the appropriate location from the beginning and are not relocated later. Peonies should be planted in the fall, regardless of whether their roots are bare or already in a container. It would be best if you started working around one and a half months before the ground freezes in an ideal scenario. It is essential to leave a space around the plant that is at least four feet in diameter free so that it has room to expand and thrive. These flowers prefer space between themselves and other bushes or plants.

It is also essential to plant the roots, so they are not buried more than three inches below the surface of the soil. This guarantees they will receive the winter chill necessary for them to return in the spring.



Peonies require somewhat acidic soil to flourish, and you could wish to improve the soil quality by adding compost or another type of soil mixture. Even if they are not particularly snobbish, they prefer growing in the exact location for several years.

For this reason, it is well worth the effort to get the ground ready for them. In a perfect world, you want to go for a pH that falls anywhere between 6.5 and 7.



For these flowers to blossom and remain in good health, they require a great deal of sunlight—at least six hours daily. Peonies have a chance of surviving in conditions with less sunlight, but if they do, the flowers they produce will be smaller, and they will be more susceptible to fungal infections.

Peonies are not flowers that thrive in excellent, shady conditions.



Most peony species are hardy enough to survive temperatures as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the winter, although they are not very drought-resistant. You need not worry about much if you call a delicate part of the world home.

Despite this, if you want to plant them in the garden, you must research how hardy the type you select is beforehand. Some cultivars and hybrids are more susceptible to damage from sudden shifts in temperature than others.



You should water your peony about one to two inches deep each week and mulch them to keep the soil moist. However, you need also to ensure adequate drainage since your peony will not thrive without it during wet periods.

After the flowers have died off over the summer, you need to continue watering the leaves to maintain health.



At the beginning of each growing season, combine a low-nitrogen fertilizer with compost and spread the mixture around the plant's base. Using a fertilizer designed for tulips is OK since it will bring out the best in your peonies.

A general rule of thumb to follow when fertilizing a peony is to wait until after it has stopped flowering before doing so. However, be sure you don't go too far with it.

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Growing Peonies In Pots

Growing Peonies in Pots

Peonies are easy houseplants that may be grown in containers inside. However, due to the size of their root system, they demand a huge pot that is at least 12 inches in diameter and has a considerable amount of soil depth. If you are unsure whether the container has sufficient drainage, you should drill a few more holes at the base of the pot.

Essential: To make compost, utilize soil rather than peat-based products. Alternately, you might use a mixture of two-thirds topsoil and one-third perlite.

Put the planter somewhere where it will be exposed to sunshine for at least three to four hours daily.

It is best to feed the plant in early spring and water it once a week before it begins to unfold its leaves. During the winter, take precautions to prevent the plant's container from becoming frozen while also ensuring that it is exposed to cool temperatures. While growing peony in pots, it is essential to remember that tree types grow taller than herbaceous forms, requiring more room.

Bringing Peonies Up From Their Roots

Bringing Peonies Up From Their Roots

Is it possible to produce peonies from their seeds? You bet! However, to succeed, a few details demand your full attention.

  • First, you must ensure that the seed pods are allowed to mature on the plant. They will ultimately get solid and open up; you should not collect them earlier than when they reach this stage.
  • If you want to plant them outside, wait until early October and do so in a nursery bed, where they will be protected from careless footfall and nosy canines.
  • Fill them with potting soil and grow them indoors in tiny pots 4 to 6 inches in diameter.
  • Plant the seeds at a distance of about 3 inches and 2 inches deep. Keep the pots in a warm area for around three months while you wrap them in plastic bags that you use for keeping food and keep them in the bags.
  • During this period, the soil should be checked thoroughly and replaced if necessary, but the seedlings should not be disturbed.
  • When the roots have developed to a suitable level, transfer the pots to a chilly location just above freezing and leave them there until spring.
  • Now comes the perhaps most challenging part: you must exhibit patience. The majority of peonies that are grown from seed require around three years to bloom.

Diseases Typically Seen In Peonies

Diseases Typically Seen In Peonies

Peonies are generally very hardy with garden plants, but they are vulnerable to several different illnesses. Whether you cultivate your flowers outside or inside, you need to be on the lookout for the first indications of disease and be prepared to take immediate action.

Mold In The Grey

Mold In The Grey

The most common time for grey mold to appear is during wet and rainy seasons since it is responsible for the rotting of fresh shoots. It has an effect on the stems as well as the leaves. The rotten region has a greater propensity to become coated with fungal spores, where the illness gets its name. The most straightforward approach to dealing with grey mold is to prevent it from appearing in the first place. You can do this by mowing down stalks and leaves in the fall and covering the trash in mulch.

After the event, enhance the soil drainage and think about relocating the plants to a more suitable location.

Dots Of Redness

In the spring, your peony can get some tiny spots that are crimson or purple. In most cases, this illness takes many instances before it may finally kill the plant. It is most effective to apply fungicides to the portion of the plant that is still alive after cutting the stems off at ground level. Increasing the flow of air is another potential solution. Discover more about it by reading on.

Powdery Mildew

A white powder can be seen on the surface of the flowers and foliage when this fungal disease is present. It will not destroy the plant but make it look terrible.

Canola oil, dish soap that does not include bleach, and baking soda can be used to treat the problem (a tablespoon each). Add one gallon of water to the mixture and spray the area every two weeks during the summer.

Peonies For Sale, Along With Purchasing Advice

Peonies for Sale—Tips When Buying

Are you contemplating the purchase of peonies? A few aspects of the situation calls for your full attention.

  • When purchasing potted plants, make sure to select blooms that have sturdy stems. Avoid plants that have scars on their leaves.
  • When peonies are in season, from late April through June, you may get them at their most excellent potential price if you buy them then. Remember that peonies are only accessible during certain times of the year!
  • Rather than planting bulbs in your yard, it is recommended that you think about transplanting an existing shrub instead. Not only will this produce more flowers, but it will also be quicker.
  • Itoh peony is often more pricey than other types. However, if you want to keep your garden green with greenery throughout the winter, investing in these plants would be money well spent.
  • Purchase natural cutting Itoh peony since they are less stressful on your body and easy to cultivate. When making a purchase online, you should always check with the vendor to ensure that you get the genuine article.

Pee-'Uh-Nee Or Pee-Oh'-Nee?

Pee-‘uh-nee or Pee-oh’-nee?

Whether you refer to them as peonies or paeonies, including them in your garden may be an easy way to bring more joy, money, and less stress into your life. In a vase, a bouquet of peonies will remain beautiful for around five days, but a single peony planted in your yard may continue to bloom for at least one hundred years. The magic and allure of cultivating your peony lie in just this aspect.
It's difficult to say no to this garden beauty when so many beautiful types are available. When you consider peonies are simple to maintain, there is no excuse for you not to put some in your garden.

If you found this tutorial helpful, why don't you send it along to some of your friends? Peonies, in our opinion, should receive slightly more attention from gardeners than they often do. What, you don't think so?

Frequently Asked Questions