Dianthus Flowers: How To Grow And Care For Them

Dianthus Flowers

Emma DowneyByEmma Downey
Updated on 8/13/2022

You may better recognize the blossoms of the dianthus plant by its more popular name, pinks. However, it is not the only shade or variation they are available in at all. There are more than three hundred different dianthus flowers to pick from.

This is encouraging news for those who have a knack for taking care of plants and that these tiny beauties come in vibrant colors and have fantastic foliage that will delight your garden throughout the year. Both of these qualities are fragrant.

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Want even more encouraging news? Or arguments in favor of beginning the dianthus planting process right away? These iconic garden flowers are some of the oldest in recorded history, and in addition, they keep the highly treasured carnation inside their ranks.

So, without further ado, let's get down to business. We have created a complete guide for you on cultivating dianthus flowers, which varieties are best, how to plant them from seed, and even a bit or two about what they mean. Everything you need to know about Dianthus is right here!

Information Regarding The Dianthus Flower Card

OriginThe Area Around the Mediterranean Sea

Common name Pinks, China Pinks

The species is known by its scientific name, Dianthus Monspessulanus.

Rank / Species Dianthus caryophyllus is the species.

Family Caryophyllaceae

Genus Dianthus

Height 6 inches, 6-12 inches, and 1-3 feetĀ 

Colors Pink, white, scarlet, red, and purple

It is dependent on the variety of Dianthus whether or not they bloom. Blooms of common Dianthus are often relatively tiny, bright pink in color, and have ragged edges. Their foliage has a bluish-gray tint and long, thin leaves; it is highly stunning when used on its own as a decorative garden hedge because of these characteristics.

However, the well-known Black Carnation may be the most frequent and prominent color since it was noted above that there is an incredible diversity of hues and the vivid colors are distinct.

black-carantion-dianthus-perennia-flower

Instructions On How To Cultivate Dianthus Flowers

Naturally, the kind of variation of Dianthus you choose to cultivate in your garden will determine how you do so. There are around 300 different species of dianthus blooms, ranging in size from tiny plants that make garden mats to carnations that are pretty long and tall.

pink-dianthus

Even if you are starting, don't worry; we have a comprehensive guide that will walk you through the process of cultivating dianthus flowers.

Starting With Dianthus Seeds To Grow

It is crucial to recognize whatever sort of dianthus flowers you have while growing them from seed since the growth process varies depending on the type of dianthus bloom. As a result, let's organize them into several groups.

1. Growing Indoor Dianthus Seeds

You will need to germinate the dianthus seeds in an indoor environment. If you don't care for them, they won't blossom during their first year. Depending on where you live, you should start counting the weeks six to eight weeks before the season's first frost. Place the seeds in the trays and bring them inside.

If you put seeds that will produce perennial plants, you should observe germination begin around three weeks after planting them. If you are using annual sources, you should expect them to germinate even more quickly.

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Transport your seedlings outdoors just after the final frost falls. They can take a little cold.

After you have begun this procedure, you can expect the indoor dianthus seeds to bloom roughly four weeks later, assuming everything goes according to plan.

2. Growing Outdoor Dianthus Seeds

When it comes to this category, experienced gardeners divide the plants into two distinct groups: annuals and perennials.

Perennial dianthus seeds cultivated outside will not flower during their first year. After planting, the only time you will see blooms on Dianthus is the following summer.

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Annual dianthus seeds you put outside will blossom in as little as three months. Because of this, you must carefully consider the particular kind of dianthus flowers you want to grow in your garden.

Begin by sowing the seeds in the spring, just after the occurrence of the last frost. Compost or a thin layer of dirt should cover the bases once they have been planted.

Please continue to provide them with water consistently until you can see that the seeds have begun to germinate. The blooms will start to blossom in the early summer and continue into the autumn.

Best Dianthus Seeds

Given that we have previously discussed how essential it is to choose the appropriate kind of seeds for your garden let's look at which of these many seeds provides the most desirable results.

  • Grenadin Snow White - A kind of carnation with exceptionally huge double flowers nearly perfectly white.
  • Dianthus Superbus Spooky is a delightfully amusing variety that, in addition to having exceptionally lengthy petaled flowers, is certain to make you smile. The flowers give out a beautiful scent day and night.
  • The term "Dianthus superbus alba" literally translates to "superb white,"; but, in addition to their lovely appearance, what you will appreciate the most about these plants is how simple it is to cultivate them.
  • These two types of Dianthus, Newport Pink and Newport Pink, are perhaps the ones you are most familiar with out of the list we have provided. The Newport Pink is a flower created in the 1920s and is now considered so vintage and well-known that you have undoubtedly seen it in your grandmother's garden!
  • Gardeners like the type known as Dianthus barbatus 'Scarlet Beauty' because it produces blood-red flowers of a highly vibrant hue and has a very fragrant presence.

Care For Dianthus

Deadheading dianthus flowers is a favorite activity of seasoned gardeners for two primary reasons, to facilitate the dianthus flowers' ability to rebloom more often and to enhance both the flowers and the garden's overall aesthetic appeal.

scarlet-beauty

How To Remove The Dead Center From Dianthus Flowers

The following guide will walk you through the process of deadheading dianthus flowers.

  • When you are deadheading these blooms, you should always use pruning shears.
  • When deadheading, you should use as much care as possible since the blooms bloom in multiple areas along the same stem.
  • The middle of the season is ideal when it comes to deadheading dianthus.
  • Because these plants produce so many blooms, it is best to wait until there are a significant number of spent flowers before you deadhead them rather than doing the task individually.
  • Always make sure the items have been checked for new buds. If they are present, cut the stem of your plant about half an inch above the bud with your pruning shears.
  • If no new buds are visible, you may trim the stem down to the first pair of leaves if there are none to be seen.
  • Do not abandon any flower heads, stalks, or foliage that has died on the ground. Always use a bag to collect and transport them away from your garden once you have picked them up. Detritus left behind by dianthus plants is an ideal breeding ground for garden pests.

red-and-white-carnation

Different Varieties Of Dianthus Flowers

Simply looking at the hues and contours of their blooms and leaves, dianthus flowers are some of the most eye-catching flowers you could have in your collection. But out of the three hundred variations available, which ones should you pick? Here are some illustrations that should be of use to you.

Cheddar Pink

This variety of Dianthus is the most common, and the pink type is responsible for giving the flower its popular name.

dianthus-pink

It is noteworthy that the color pink does not merely refer to the vivid, dazzling pink hue these magnificent blooms have; instead, the word "pink" may also refer to something else. It seems as if someone took a pair of pinking shears to the margins of the little blossoms to trim them since they have a frayed appearance.

Additionally, the blooms exude the distinctive aroma often associated with Dianthus. When fully bloomed, they exude a heady and comforting scent similar to that of cloves.

When cultivating them, you should be aware that they thrive in acidic soils that are well-drained and provide as much sunlight as possible. Keep in mind that these pretty pink flowers may be seen growing wild in the Mediterranean!

The Arctic Fire

When you lay your eyes on these teeny-tiny works of art, you will immediately get the meaning behind their name, Arctic Fire. This particular species of dianthus flowers produce blooms that are cloudy white on the outside and fiery red in the middle. The stunning outcome may be attained when the components are combined in a single batch.

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This particular kind of plant is a hardy perennial. They begin blooming the first year after being planted, and despite their small size, they produce flowers. The beautiful thing about them, on the other hand, is that they spread out into a kind of net or mat as they develop, which allows them to cover your garden in a hurry.

Chabaud Aurora

This cultivar was created with florists and flower shops in mind specifically to put it in another way; its function is analogous to that of a cut flower. Because of this, the stem of the Chabaud Aurora carnation is very long and slender. Because then you will be able to incorporate it into floral arrangements and bouquets and place it in vases.

chabaud-aurora-dianthus

Because of this, it is a flower you will need to cut and bring inside to enjoy rather than letting it wither away in the garden where it was grown. Which, in our opinion, is an encouraging piece of information.

When they are fully bloomed, the vast flowers produced by the Chabaud Aurora type of Dianthus resemble roses in appearance. A soft pastel pink, which will quickly become your favorite hue, is the most popular shade overall. However, they are also available in various pastel colors, including coral, pink, salmon, and cherry.

Maiden Pink

This perennial produces tiny blooms in a purplish-pink color that are particularly fond of decorating rocky places and walls. When you plant them in your garden, you should thus be sure to provide something for them to climb on.

maiden

The maintenance that is needed for maiden pink dianthus blooms is relatively minor. The most required of you is to clear away any dead flowers, precisely as we were shown to you, and give them room to develop.

The fact that this particular kind does not need to be watered at any point in time is an intriguing aspect of it. That is correct; you read it correctly. It would be best if you did not like Maiden Pinks, nor should you water them in the first place. The flowers thrive in warm temperatures and dry soil and do not need additional watering from your end.

Suppose your region is experiencing a lengthy drought, and you see that the dianthus bushes have trouble flowering. In that case, the only time you will need to provide them with any assistance is if you observe this phenomenon.

The Dianthus Japonicus Species

This cultivar is known by the popular name "seashore pink," which describes its coloration. Although you could recognize them as white with a faint hint of pink blush, they are blush pink.

dianthus-japonicus

In addition, this species, along with the rest of its floral family, exudes a fragrant quality reminiscent of cloves. Additionally, it serves as a magnet for bees, implying that you will be aiding the local flora and fauna in some way.

One of the reasons why the flower is referred to as "seashore pink" is because it thrives best when planted near the water. As a direct consequence, the plant can withstand high levels of heat and salt in the air. Because of this, if you live in such a climate and they are pondering which flowers would be most suitable for your garden, the Dianthus in question is the one for you.

The Meaning Behind The Symbol Of The Dianthus Flower

The derivation of the word "dianthus" suggests that it should be revered as a holy flower or as the "flower of the gods," which was just said. It's possible that the ancient Greeks were the ones who began the legend of the Dianthus being the flower of Zeus, but the custom has persisted for ages.

Leonardo da Vinci himself painted the Madonna of the Carnation. The picture depicts the Virgin Mary presenting a red dianthus flower to the infant Jesus holding her right hand, and it is a sign of the upcoming sufferings Christ would go through in his life.

pink-carnation

The Madonna of the Pinks was painted by Raphael, a well-known painter during the Renaissance. In this depiction, the Virgin Mary and the infant Jesus can be seen clutching pink carnations, which signify love and passion. Additionally, the baby Jesus is shown gazing up at the Virgin Mary.

The Dianthus and its close relative, the carnation, have lost their traditional significance as religious symbols in modern times. Nevertheless, they maintained the importance attached to these blooms throughout the Middle Ages. In other words, demonstrating your ardent affection for someone by presenting them with a bouquet of any of these flowers is a sign of actual devotion.

Where Did The Flowers Of The Dianthus Come From?

When discussing the history of the flowers known as Dianthus, it is hard to avoid mentioning the lovely names by which they are known.

The term "dianthus" originates from the Greek word "Dios," which may be translated as "god," and "Anthos," which can be translated as "flower." Because of this, the Dianthus plant is often referred to as the Flower of the Gods.

Because the ancient Greeks intended to allude to Zeus whenever they said "god," Dianthus has become known as the "flower of Zeus." Theophrastus, a Greek botanist from antiquity, is credited with mentioning Dianthus in one of his books. This effectively establishes Dianthus as one of the earliest flowers ever.

Dianthus is a native plant that may grow wild in China, the Balkan Peninsula, the Mediterranean Region, and Asia Minor. As a consequence of this, the majority of academics think that the Ancient Romans were the ones who transported it from Asia to Europe. After then, it made its way to England, and from there, it made its way to the New World.

A Dazzling Display Of Color From The Dianthus Plant In Your Garden

There is no doubt that dianthus flowers are the kind of flowers that should always be at the forefront of attention. Dianthus flowers are a brilliant point of color and delight in any garden because of their neon hues, opulent blooms that are virtually identical to roses in appearance, and rich scents that are reminiscent of cloves.

It is safe to say that the Dianthus is one of our all-time favorite flowers to cultivate and admire, and this holds not just for us busy humans but also our buzzing bee companions. What kind of Dianthus perennial is your favorite flower out of the many different types of Dianthus presented in this post?