How To Start Growing Vegetables Indoors In Three Easy Steps For Novices

growing vegetables indoors

Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 12/4/2022

It may seem complicated, but cultivating veggies inside is easy and needs little care and attention. The gardening activity is enjoyable, and you can even do it in the comfort of your own home, where you will be rewarded with a steady supply of fresh veggies regardless of the time of year. People who have a small area for gardening will find it extremely helpful. If you decide to give growing vegetables indoors a try, a step-by-step tutorial shows you how.

Step 1: Deciding Which Vegetables Will Be The Most Successful When Grown Indoors

growing-vegetables-indoors

Even though some vegetables may grow fast inside, others aren't ready for harvest until later. Regardless of what kinds of plants you grow, keep this in mind. Growing veggies inside like lush greens shorter time (usually 4 to 6 weeks). These include, among others, arugula, kales, lettuce, broccoli, and spinach, as well as sprouts made from carrots, beets, and Brussel Sprouts. These are also simple to cultivate and may thrive in restricted quarters. To thrive, they need low temperatures and a modest amount of light. Like tomatoes and cucumbers, some plants take much more time to mature and require significantly more area. Beginners should start with the easiest plants and move on to more complex plants once they get comfortable. Check out these vegetables we recommend for growing indoors. Along with each vegetable, you will find the top reasons you should begin growing inside forand instructions on how you may become an expert in the art of growing vegetables indoors!

Carrots

growing-carrots-indoors

One of the most productive vegetables to cultivate indoors is the carrot. The compact nature of carrots makes them an ideal choice for an indoor vegetable garden for several reasons. Even while you probably won't get a giant carrot from an indoor garden, you'll still be able to receive an excellent quantity of orange deliciousness that's packed with nutrients. All you need is a container with a depth of at least 12 inches for more significant carrot kinds or a pot with a depth of at least 8 inches for smaller carrot varieties. Whichever one you choose, fill it with a wet potting soil mix within two inches of the top. After that, space each of your seeds an inch apart and cover them with a layer of dirt a quarter of an inch thick. Leave the pots where they can receive at least 12 hours of sunshine each day, such as on a sunny window sill. A Tip in a Hurry! Continue sowing carrot seeds every two weeks so that you may enjoy crops throughout the whole year.

Potatoes

growing-potatoes-indoors

If you believe that you will never be successful in producing vegetables inside, you should reconsider that belief. When we have forgotten about uneaten potatoes stashed away in the cool, dark places of our cabinets and refrigerators, we have been astonished to find that they have begun to sprout. In common parlance, this action is known as "forgetting I purchased potatoes," but in the world of potatoes, it is known as "chitting," which means "putting a potato in a cold light spot to stimulate sprouts." Chitting is a term that originated in the potato industry.

Because they do not take a lot of work to thrive, potatoes are an excellent option for those who want to cultivate vegetables within their homes. The real challenge is how you would keep the sprout from becoming any smaller. Here is where you can count on us to come to your aid! When your potatoes have developed sprouts, look for the eye that seems to have the most significant potential and position it to face up within a container (at least 2.5 gallons in capacity). The dirt ought to cover the bottom of the container by three to four inches. Put them where they are near the window. Additionally, continue to put dirt on top of it as it develops to stay buried in the ground. This article provides an in-depth tutorial on cultivating potatoes and sweet potatoes

Quick Tip: Once the potatoes have become yellow, it is time to harvest them.

Salad Greens

growing-lettuce-indoors

Most veggies thrive in the more excellent conditions found inside, making salad greens ideal for growing them there. There are several varieties: kale, spinach, arugula, iceberg lettuce, romaine, and red lead lettuce. You may have a fresh crop of salad items produced inside in as little as four weeks.

In general, salad greens need a location with a temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit and at least 12 hours of sunshine every day. Make careful to get containers that have drainage holes. After filling the pot with a soil mixture, make finger holes in the dirt 4 inches apart and 1/8 of an inch deep, and then sprinkle seeds into each hole. After that, you should pat it down and cover it with dirt.

Then, after it germinates, separate the vast plants from the smaller ones and keep just the large ones since the large ones will produce the most robust and robust branches. During development, the soil should remain moist enough to touch. Please find below detailed instructions on cultivating some of our favorite salad greens indoors.

Lettuce

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Finding lettuce mixtures labeled "cutting lettuces" or "leaf lettuces" is the first thing you need to do if you want to cultivate lettuces inside. These are plants whose leaves can be harvested repeatedly without affecting the plant's ability to produce new ones. Once the pot's surface has been prepared, lay the seeds over it and cover them with dirt about a quarter inch deep. After that, spray a fine mist of water over the surface. Please put them in a window that gets plenty of sunlight and waits for the potent seeds to sprout.

Arugula

growing-arugula-indoors

Are you over heels for the nutty and refreshing flavor of arugula? You should get started cultivating this crop indoors as soon as possible. In addition to their small size, they germinate and mature at a lightning-fast rate. In addition, arugula thrives in colder temperatures, making it an ideal choice for cultivating vegetables inside. You may put them in the ground in the same manner that you would grow lettuce seeds. You have to remove seedlings that aren't doing well to get the most from your arugula plant. During harvest time, collect the larger leaves, leaving the smaller ones to continue growing for subsequent harvests.

Kale

growing-veggies-indoors

Kale, used as a garnish but now considered a superfood, is an excellent vegetable to cultivate indoors. You may collect the larger leaves, as you would with arugula, and save the smaller leaves for a later harvest. Place a few seeds in a container of medium size and cover them with a layer of soil that is an inch and a half deep. Because it may grow huge, kale should only have one plant grown in each container, and the soil should be kept wet. A helpful hint: as you are harvesting the salad greens, take off or use scissors to trim just the outer leaves of the salad greens. Because of this, the veggies will be allowed to continue growing within.

Microgreens

growing-microgreens-indoors

Even though salad greens only take around four weeks to mature, the wait may seem interminable and torturous at times. You should not be concerned about anything since you may also pick your salad greens sooner. Indeed, there is such a thing! Microgreens are formally known as herb and vegetable seedlings, but the term "microgreens" sounds more relaxed, plus they have an incredible flavor (like most baby vegs do in their early life). Microgreens need a minimal amount of space. Yet, they provide edible leaves densely packed with nutrients — around forty times more than the nutrients found in conventional leafy greens. As a result, they have no choice but to be included in our list of the best vegetables for growing indoors.

All you need to do is scatter microgreen seeds (including different types of radish, kale, Swiss chard, beets, basil, dill, etc.) on a shallow tray that has been well drained. You will need seedling trays filled with containers that have a depth of no more than 2 inches. Cover the seeds with dirt and give them a gentle misting of water. The ideal temperature for germinating seeds is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (16 and 21 degrees Celsius). In three to five days, the seeds will begin to germinate. After that, you should make sure it is exposed to the sun for 12 to 14 hours each day. You can harvest microgreens when the seedlings reach one to two inches, have two sets of leaves, and have been planted between two and three weeks ago.

Tip: When harvesting microgreens, hold the plants by their stems and cut off the leaves with scissors, avoiding cutting into the roots. This will ensure that the leaves remain intact, guaranteeing many harvests. You may keep them in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.

Tomatoes

growing-tomatoes-indoors

On the other hand, Tomatoes like it when the temperature is on the warmer side, in contrast to our salad greens and microgreens. They need 14–20 hours of sunlight each day. Try not to give up hope. There is no reason why tomatoes can't be grown well inside. When selecting seeds for indoor tomato plants, aim for dwarf kinds since these tomatoes germinate more quickly and thrive in smaller spaces. Planting them on egg cartons is also an option.

You need to cover the seeds with about half an inch of dirt. The seeds will begin to germinate after five to ten days. After they have reached a height of three inches, they should be moved from a starting mix to potting soil. Because tomatoes are plants capable of pollinating themselves, simply giving them a little shake can assist in dispersing the pollen from one blossom to the next. At this point, you are getting very close to picking your first crop of tomatoes. It is essential to support the plant by erecting a trellis around it.

A helpful hint: When picking tomatoes, look for red and firm ones. To remove it from the stem, just twist it.

Mushrooms

growing-mushrooms-indoors

Growing mushrooms indoors might be a bit difficult, but it is possible to do it with the help of mushroom growing kits. If you do as it says in the directions, you won't have any problems. Check out this page on growing mushrooms at home for a comprehensive instruction manual on mushroom cultivation.

Herbs

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There are a variety of herbs that may be grown successfully indoors, including basil, parsley, cilantro, chives, oregano, rosemary, mint, thyme, and sage. They all like being outside in the sun, so make sure they get between 12 and 16 hours each day. They are ideal when situated in an area where the average annual temperature is seventy degrees.

Garlic

growing-garlic-indoors

Growing garlic bulbs indoors may be challenging at times, but we have a comprehensive guide was drawn up for you that will assist you in doing so successfully. On the other hand, you can cultivate garlic greens, which may be used similarly to scallions or green onions. Garlic bulbs just have to be smashed. Put them in a container at least 4 inches deep (used quart-size yogurt containers will also do). After just a week, you should see that green garlic shoots are beginning to emerge.

A helpful hint: garlic shoots should be harvested after they have reached a height of eight to ten inches.

Scallion

growing-vegetables-indoors-in-water

To save the best for last, scallions have earned the plant's title that is the simplest to cultivate indoors. Consequently, it justifiably merits a spot in our list of the plants that grow easiest and quickest inside. Certain grocery stores and farmer's markets in the area offer scallions with the roots still attached. If this is the case, just bury the roots in the soil until you reach the white section, and let the plant continue growing within. Because scallions do not need much sunshine, you do not even have to put them near a window to produce them.

On the other hand, you also can purchase a bunch of onion bulbs. Submerge them in the water while holding them together with a rubber band. Every day, you should replace the water. You should start to see some sprouts emerging from the onion bulbs very soon. Allow it to continue growing until you have scallions ready to pick.

A helpful hint is that you may maintain the crisp flavor of onions in the refrigerator for up to a week. The scallions may be preserved for as long as possible by being wrapped in a damp paper towel and then stored in a container or plastic wrap.

The Second Step Is To Get The Most Suitable Equipment For Growing Vegetables Inside.

To grow vegetables successfully inside, you will need the following items.

Indoor Lighting For The Cultivation Of Vegetables

growing-vegetables-indoors-with-lights

The process of photosynthesis is essential for the growth of every plant and can only take place in the presence of light.

If your veggies do not get sufficient light, they will develop a slender appearance with little leaves and will not blossom or produce fruit. Are you prepared to reach the next level of success with your vegetable growing indoors? The indoor growth lights listed below are some of our best picks.

TORCHSTAR LED Indoor Herb Garden, CRI 95+ Full Spectrum Light, 24V Plant Grower 4000K, Suitable for Succulent, Vegetable, Basil, Pots & Plants Not Included
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to use9.4
Easy to use
Easy to assemble9.4
Easy to assemble
Value for money8.8
Value for money
Timer function7.8
Timer function

GooingTop Grow Light with Stand & Gooseneck Bendable,Free Standing Plant Lamp with Red Blue LEDs for Indoor Plants Growing,3 Light Spectrums with Timer 3 9 12Hrs
Our Opinion 🤔
Sturdiness9.8
Sturdiness
Light weight9.4
Light weight
Easy to use9.2
Easy to use
Value for money9.2
Value for money
Brightness9
Brightness
Timer function8.6
Timer function

2022 SPIDER FARMER SF1000 LED Grow Light
Our Opinion 🤔
Light weight9.6
Light weight
Brightness9.4
Brightness
Sturdiness9.4
Sturdiness
Energy efficiency9.4
Energy efficiency
Value for money9.2
Value for money
Easy to use9.2
Easy to use

Containers For The Cultivation Of Vegetable Inside

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The roots need to have adequate area to spread out. Thus the containers that are advised should be of sufficient depth. In addition, they should include drainage holes since submerging a plant in water for an extended period will cause the roots to rot. The kind of crop you want to cultivate in the container will determine the optimal size of the container you should choose. Because there are so many different containers available online, making a purchase decision may be quite challenging. The following are three of our favorite containers for indoor plant cultivation to make your job easier.

Giantex Vertical Raised Garden Elevated Planter Raised Beds
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to assemble8.2
Easy to assemble
Maneuverability7.4
Maneuverability
Sturdiness7
Sturdiness

OPULENT SYSTEMS 5-Pack 1 Gallon Heavy Duty Aeration Fabric Grow Bags Thickened Nonwoven Fabric Containers for Potato/Plant Pots with Handles (Black) …
Our Opinion 🤔
Portability10
Portability
Value for money10
Value for money
Maneuverability9.4
Maneuverability
Durability9.2
Durability
Sturdiness9.2
Sturdiness

giantex raised garden bed elevated planter metal plant box
Our Opinion 🤔
Sturdiness8.2
Sturdiness
Value for money8
Value for money
Easy to assemble7.4
Easy to assemble

Determine Which Type of Planting Medium Will Work Best For The Indoor Cultivation Of Vegetables

indoor-growing-soil-medium

The ideal growth medium for vegetables grown indoors should allow excess water to drain away quickly, keep its porosity, and yet be able to retain both moisture and nutrients. The soil from outside the greenhouse should not be used since it might have weed seeds or insect eggs. If you want to grow the plant from the seed, you must acquire an essential seed starting mix. Eventually, your plant will transition to an organic potting mix if you have access to one. Choose the most appropriate soil for growing vegetables indoors to get the highest possible growth. The following are the top three soil mixtures that we like using.

TheBudGrower - Complete Solution
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to assemble9.6
Easy to assemble
Sturdiness9.4
Sturdiness
Quality of material9.4
Quality of material
Value for money9.2
Value for money

FoxFarm FX14053 Ocean Forest Plant Garden PH Adjusted
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to use9.2
Easy to use
Maneuverability9
Maneuverability
Flavor8.8
Flavor
Light weight8.6
Light weight
Value for money8.6
Value for money

Fox Farm Happy Frog Organic Potting Soil Mix Indoor Outdoor
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to use9.2
Easy to use
Value for money8.6
Value for money
Light weight7.4
Light weight

Ensure Adequate Air Flow Is Provided To Your Indoor Crops While They Are Growing Vegetables

If you intend on cultivating veggies inside, your plants will need enough air circulation to be pollinated successfully. Molds, insects, and fungus development are just some of the issues that may be avoided with its guidance. You may get some assistance with this by using an electric fan; just set it on a timer so that it runs for a few hours at various points during the day.

Allow Indoor Vegetable Cultivation To Succeed By Providing The Optimum Level Of Humidity

indoor-growing-humidifier-for-veggies

To be healthy, indoor plants need a certain level of humidity, which may be challenging to achieve, mainly if there is a heater operating in the home at the same time. If you see that the plants are wilting up, shedding their leaves, or turning brown at the tips, this is a sign that they are not receiving sufficient humidity. To raise the relative humidity around the plant, you may increase the misting frequency, run a humidifier, move the plants closer together, or fill a tray with lava rocks and water and place it nearby. Be sure to purchase these instruments for humidity control to maintain control over the level of humidity in your indoor garden .

AquaOasis™ Cool Mist Humidifier Quiet Ultrasonic Humidifiers
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to use9.4
Easy to use
Noise level9.2
Noise level
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Style
Accuracy8.8
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Durability8.6
Durability

raydrop Cool Mist Humidifiers for Babies , 1.70 L Quiet and Small Ultrasonic Humidifier for Bedroom Nightstand, Space Saving, Auto Shut Off - (0.45 Gallon, US 110 V)
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Easy to use9
Easy to use
Noise level8.6
Noise level
Value for money8.6
Value for money
Comfort8.6
Comfort
Easy to clean8.4
Easy to clean

The Most Beneficial Fertilizers to Use When Cultivating Vegetables Indoors

The rate at which indoor plants absorb nutrients is far higher than when their outside counterparts do so. You will be expected to use fertilizer to provide your crops with a boost of nutrients. Make sure that you use the correct quantity and do the activity at the frequency indicated by reading the directions that are printed on the packaging. Below is the list of our three top recommended fertilizers.

Miracle-Gro Indoor Plant Food Spikes, Includes 24 Spikes
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to use8.4
Easy to use
Value for money8.2
Value for money
Style8
Style

Indoor Plant Food | All-purpose House Plant Fertilizer
Our Opinion 🤔
Easy to use9.4
Easy to use
Scent8.4
Scent
Value for money8.4
Value for money

Liqui-Dirt Nano Powder All-Purpose Organic Complete Plant
Our Opinion 🤔
Accuracy9.2
Accuracy
Value for money9
Value for money
Easy to use9
Easy to use
Easy to read8.6
Easy to read
Scent8.6
Scent

Step 3: Acquire The Knowledge Necessary To Tend To Your Indoor Food Garden Properly

waterting-plants-indoors

When cultivating veggies inside, your plants will need a great deal of care and attention to flourish and provide the results you're looking for. You should check on them daily to ensure they have everything they need. Plants in drought need to be watered to keep the soil moist. You need to not overwater them to prevent the roots from decaying. Make sure that the lights and the fan are functioning correctly by checking on them. If the plant's health depends on the amount of sunshine, you should either bring it closer or move it farther away.

Grow Your Veggies Inside Starting Right Now!

It takes more patience to cultivate veggies inside since their growth is slower than if they were grown outdoors. Despite this, the prospect of harvesting delectable salads from an indoor garden should be sufficient to entice you into gardening. However, you need to become serious about trying a variety of veggies since growing a massive cabbage in an indoor garden would prove to be a challenge. Is Growing Vegetables Indoors something you would like to do?