Gardening Terminology: 167 Gardening Terms About Garden(Gardener)

Garden Glossary

Emma DowneyByEmma Downey
Updated on 10/4/2022

Instead of pruning or deadheading gardening terminology perennials so that pollination can occur naturally, why don't you aerate your acidic or alkaline organic vermicomposted soil biannually with anaerobic organisms soil to amend and improve the germination of seeds? In addition, weeds won't be able to grow in the ground. And we will see gardening terms.

The gardener enjoy using sophisticated gardening jargon to express a true statement. But you have nothing to worry about since here at Planted Well, our garden and plant vocabulary comprises phrases that are straightforward to grasp.

The Ultimate Terminology For Gardeners And Horticulturists

We have provided the definitive gardening phrase list below to prepare for your next harvest. You will discover all of the ins and outs of gardening presented in simple terms.

Anything missing? Please feel free to email me your gardening phrase, and I will add it as soon as possible.


A structure, such as a watering trough, fountain, or building, was initially meant to supply people and animals with clean drinking water at a location. Nowadays, you may frequently see an abreuvoir installed in gardens as a water feature or adornment.

Ultimate Glossary

Acidic Soil

Acidic Soil

A soil (or compost, or liquid) with a pH that falls from 0 to 7.0 (on a scale of 0.0-14.0). Gardeners commonly refer to acidic soil as "sour" soil, a measurement of the quantity of lime (calcium) in the ground. The pH scale measures the amount of lime (calcium) in the soil.



The parcel of land measures 43,560 square feet (4,046 square meters). One square acre has sides that are each 208.75 feet (or 63.6 meters) in length.

Adonis Garden

Adonis Garden

The ancient Greeks believed an Adonis garden was a safe refuge with medicinal plants.



Adventitious root growth is the growth of roots from places other than the root's plant root zone, such as stems or leaves.


Aeration is a method of loosening, puncturing, or punching holes into compacted soil so that air, water, and nutrients can reach the plant roots. Tilling the earth is conventional; however, you may now utilize an aerator to accomplish the same goal with much less ground disturbance.


The amount of room inside the soil through which air and water may move freely. Beneficial worms and insects may easily navigate these air gaps, making them an excellent passageway. The most considerable amount of aeration is provided by sandy soil types, while the least amount of aeration is provided by clay soil types. Because of aeration's lighter nature, root crops like sweet potatoes and carrots thrive in the well-aerated sandy soil that is ideal for them.

Aerial Root

Aerial Root

Roots that sprout above the surface, such as those seen in orchids, can draw moisture straight from the surrounding atmosphere.


Aerobic refers to creatures that can live or exist exclusively in the presence of oxygen.



Aeroponics was cultivating plants that did not allow the roots to come into contact with soil. Aeroponics roots are floating in the air and being supplied with nutrients by a persistent mist produced by the system.


Having one sexual organ per gender is required for asexual reproduction.

Aggregate Culture

The aggregate Culture method of cultivating plants involves using solid materials that include gravel, sand, and rock wool.


Agriculture involves the cultivation of land

Agriculture involves the cultivation of land, the production of fruits and vegetables, and the breeding of animals.

Air Layering

A method of plant propagation in which a branch or tree is split in half and then wrapped in wet material to induce the formation of new roots. The cultivation of bonsai trees often makes use of this technique.


A soil's pH ranges from 7.0 to 14.0 (on a scale of 0.0-14.0). Gardeners frequently refer to this type of soil as "sweet" soil.



Therefore, you should improve the soil's quality by using compost, manure, or other natural fertilizers.


Identifies species capable of surviving or occurring in environments devoid of oxygen.

Annual Plants

One definition of annual plants matures and dies in a single growing season. Annual Plants are perennials that have to be replanted each year from seed, and after the growing season, Annual Plants perish.


A garden structure with latticework meant to support climbing plants and vines. Arbor frequently takes the form of a passageway.



The Arboretum garden contains a vast collection of trees and plants for research or teaching.

Asexual propagation

Asexual propagation is creating offspring genetically similar to the parent plant by combining the body tissue of two plants.


Despite having a very straightforward chemical structure, auxin is a hormone or substance that regulates the development and growth of plants, and auxin does this despite being known as auxin. Auxin is responsible for the division of cells, the growth of cells, and the differentiation of cells in plant shoots, and auxin is also responsible for the elongation of cells in plant shoots.

Baby Greens

Baby Greens

People typically start harvesting young herbs and leafy vegetables when baby greens are just two to four inches tall.


Plants, trees, shrubs, and vines are marketed in a dormant state, generally accessible from late winter to early spring. Barefoot are offered with their roots exposed and do not come with any soil or pot so that they are instantly ready to be planted after purchase. Barefoot plants were cultivated in the field for some time before being distributed to their new owners.

Bedding Plant

Plants, typically annuals, are grown specifically to decorate a flowerbed. In most cases, bedding plants have been cultivated to blooming size in a nursery. A flowerbed was planted in the new location to display the plant's colorful flowers and leaves throughout the year, plant flowers thicker.

Biannual Plants

Biannual plants are essential for those who store seeds. A plant is said to be biannual if its entire life cycle is finished in just two growing seasons (Biannual Plants can be harvested in the first year). Biannual plants include carrots and most root crops, such as the plant that produces potatoes.


A plant has a lifespan of two years; during the first year, the biennial develops (by producing stems and leaves), then during the second year, the biennial reproduces (by making flowers and seeds), and finally, the biennial dies. Both parsley and onions are biennial plants, mainly if they are from a source.

Freezing Frame

Freezing Frame

Usually, a four-sided frame is built of wood or another material and is covered with a translucent plastic sheet hinged or glass. Because the construction can completely enclose plants while retaining the sun's heat during the spring and fall seasons, the freezing frame is an ideal refuge from severe fluctuations in temperature. The cold frame is essentially a little greenhouse that can be accommodated within a single planting bed and has the primary function of prolonging the lives of hardy and half-hardy plants outside the growing season during which they typically thrive.



Compost is an organic waste that is soft, black, and odorless. Compost results from decomposing and breaking down plant materials such as leaves and vegetable scraps, and compost have been given the nickname "Black Gold." Because compost has a high concentration of nutrients, compost is an excellent choice for fertilizing and conditioning the soil. When added to clay soil, compost improves the soil's ability to drain water, while compost improves its ability to hold water when mixed with sandy soil.


Conifers are evergreen and fast-growing woody trees that produce cones and needle-like leaves. Conifers are an excellent source of softwood and turpentine.


Removing dead flower heads from a plant by pinching, cutting, or snipping them off to lengthen the blooming season, improve the plant's look, and prevent deadheading from self-seeding or bolting.


A plant or tree loses its leaves or foliage regularly throughout the year, most often in the late fall or early winter.



The stage that plants go through on an annual basis is when their activities are slowed so that they can endure low temperatures (winter or autumn), drought, and occasionally other stresses. Dormancy does not grow nor produce flowers during this period. Be cautious not to give your plant any fertilizer while dormancy is dormant.


Erosion is the progressive wearing away, washing away, destroying, or removing soil due to weather, wind, water, or human activity. Corrosion may also refer to the loss of dirt.


A fruit tree or shrub has been taught to grow flat on a surface (either a wall or a lattice) to support it once it successfully yields fruits. Espalier was also known as an espalier. The stems and branches of the tree are either cut, pinched, or knotted to obtain a flat appearance.


Evergreen plants that never lose their leaf retain their green color throughout the year. Evergreen plants generally have several functions and can be beneficial over more than one growing season.



Fertilizer may be a liquid or granular material, and fertilizer could be organic or synthetic, but no matter its form, fertilizer will always contain nutrients necessary for plant growth. Fertilizers frequently include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in their make-up. Fertilizer is essential to supplement the soil with fertilizers to improve its quality and fertility and promote increased quantities of healthy plant development.

Cover For Floating Rows

Transparent, lightweight polypropylene fabric covers plants without denying them their essentials, such as sunlight, air, and moisture. Cover for floating rows fabric is used to protect plants. Gardeners use them to increase the length of the growing season in the winter, lengthen the growing season in the spring and fall, protect plants from pests and animals in the spring, and shade plants in the summer. You may lay cover for floating rows directly over plants or buildings to support it. Both options are available to you. The season determines the appropriate thickness for each of them, and they come in various thicknesses.



Gardeners make a shallow, minute trench on the earth's surface to plant seeds, seedlings, and bulbs. Furrow is also possible that furrow is the depression between the elevated plant beds.


The beginning of the seed's growth after its dormant period is over. When a source begins to send up a branch, a sprout, or a bud above the earth, germination indicates that the embryo within the seed is starting to develop into a seedling (a leafy young plant).


Plant reproduction in which a scion, or shoot, with a desirable flowering or fruiting characteristic, is inserted into or joined to a rootstock, or stem, branch, or root of a different but related plant with a better root characteristic, in the hopes of producing a more resilient plant (Grafting plant that is more disease resistant)

Cover For The Ground

Plant with a low growth rate and high spreading ability that covers huge or empty bare-earth areas to improve aesthetics, produce a consistent look, and protect the soil from erosion and drought.


A valuable non-hybrid open-pollinated plant at least fifty years old has been handed down from one generation to the next for its beneficial qualities because the heirloom has been carried down from generation to generation (flavor or color). The Arkansas Traveler, Cherokee Purple, Bradley, Homestead, and Rutgers strains are all examples of heirlooms.



Non-woody perennial plants that live for several years and have soft green leaves and stalks. In the winter, these plants go dormant through their subterranean rootstocks, but they restart growth in the spring.


The final product of composting, hummus, is a loamy organic substance comprising nutrient-dense molecules from degraded leaves and other plant material created by soil germs and microbes or to grow plant material and plant material making. Humus is the end product of the process of composting. Humus contributes to the enhancement of the structure of the soil and makes humus more effective at retaining moisture.


Indeterminate describes the kinds of tomatoes that can grow and give fruits throughout the year, except for the first fall frost. Because fruits of these kinds develop down the length of the vine, they are sometimes referred to as pole tomatoes or vine tomatoes.

Because their vines are so long, Indeterminate require trellises that they may climb into for support. Indeterminate would be best if you built these trellises. Tomatoes such as Super Sweet 100, Big Boy, and Early Girl are all examples of indeterminate tomato varieties.



The whole framework of the flower head is responsible for supporting a plant's bloom, and these components include the flower's stalks, stems, and bracts in addition to the flower itself.


Commercial inoculants are substances that contain Rhizobium bacteria, which is a type of beneficial soil microbe. Using inoculants can improve soil fertility and expedite the pace at which decomposition occurs in composts.

Inoculants often come in the form of a powder mixed into the soil before planting. Adding inoculants can instantly boost peas, beans, and other legumes.



Compared to ever-bearing plants plant bearing flowers, notably strawberries, the term "June-Bearing" refers to strawberry plants that only produce fruit during June or any other time of the season that is in the middle.



Karesansui is a small but well-kept Zen garden, ideal for entering a meditative state and spending some time there.

Kelp Meal

Kelp Meal is a soil amendment produced by drying and grinding kelp seaweed. Kelp meal is a natural supply of the mineral potassium and contains other trace elements.

Knot Garden

Knot Garden

A garden in which the plants are arranged in a knot-like pattern, often in the style of Celtic knot signs.


Adding calcium carbonate to the soil as a soil amendment can raise its pH while reducing its acidity. Lime is available in both pelletized and powdered forms, and lime's speed of action can range from instant to monthly, depending on the plant's requirements.

Always read the labels to know what products are appropriate for you. Nevertheless, brassica vegetables like broccoli and cabbage thrive best when grown in lime-rich soil. Additionally helpful in warding against cub root disease is the lime calcium molecule.



I would define fertile and vibrant soil as suitable for growing plants, having the correct proportion of sand, clay, and silt, along with a great deal of humus and other organic materials.


Animal manure is an organic waste product that may be used as an efficient soil fertilizer and as a supplement for nutrient-rich materials. Green manures, which cover crops that gardeners and farmers plow into the soil, are another valuable type of soil amendment.

Native Plant

Native Plant

A plant indigenous to a particular area or region grows there naturally.


Seeds are sown randomly in a particular area to produce a specific effect. Naturalize shows how plants develop in the wild without man's assistance, so they continue to thrive even if they are not in their original habitat. Without following a systematic pattern, this happens.


Plants require substantial components to sustain their growth, and that nitrogen is always present in agricultural fertilizers.



Lovely plants are cultivated only for their visual appeal rather than human food.



Flowers or crops are grouped in a loose, airy cluster with numerous branches. Oats are a fantastic illustration of a panicle.

Toadstool Moss

Peat moss is a mixture of the degraded remnants of several types of mosses and flora. Toadstool moss is well-known for its exceptional ability to retain water, spongy appearance, and ph-lowering characteristics, all of which make toadstool moss a common ingredient in potting soil. Toadstool moss is ideal for plants that thrive in acidic environments.


A modified kind of plant that develops its thick, fleshy stems or runners horizontally under the surface of the earth, from which new stems, roots, and shoots emerge. Irises and grasses found in lawns are both examples of plants that have rhizomes. Rhizome plants possess characteristics that allow them to quickly colonize huge regions, which may lead some to consider them invasive.


The plant's underground portion, which primarily contains roots, is used in grafting. The scion should ideally have desired root system characteristics and qualities. In most cases, they affect the height of the plant and encourage a dwarfing habit.


A young plant has developed seedlings first set of leaves from a seed.



A woody perennial plant that can be evergreen or deciduous has multiple woody stems and trunks but is considerably smaller than a tree, particularly if the shrub is trimmed appropriately.

Tap Root

One central root develops in a vertical direction straight into the earth; from the tab root, secondary sources develop. Taproot is essential to keep in mind that not all plants have a tap root.

Tender Plants

Tender Plants

Conversely, tender plants are highly susceptible to damage from particular temperatures, unlike hardy plants. Tender plants are unable to withstand frost or temperatures below freezing.


A plant portion that is long and thin may twist into ringlets. Tendril ringlets let plant vines attach themselves to support structures such as trellises, fences, and walls so that the developing body of the plant can be better supported.


Plant with small flower heads that look like flat domes and short stalks all the same length radiating from a center. Umbel reminds me of the ribs that are found in an umbrella. Plant leaves flowers such as geraniums, dill, and queen ann's lace are lovely examples of umbels.


Underplanting is filling the area around tall plants, like oak trees, with smaller plants that need a smaller amount of space and surrounding them with small plants.



Vegetation has a variety of colors in the leaves, and variegated leaves have spots, borders, or stripes that are different from the primary leaf color, yet the overall leaf color is green.


Unwanted plants that have decided to develop rapidly in the incorrect location where your plants are placed are continually battling against your plants for water, light, and nourishment. Could you get rid of them right now?


A handy container with wheels makes the wheelbarrow simpler to carry objects around the gardening, whether large or tiny.

Casting With Worms

Casting With Worms

The organic excrements of red earthworms, which are the most nutrient-dense organic compost you can find, are the result of the food that the earthworms ate and digested, and casting with worms makes the soil more fruitful.


To create a low-maintenance landscape by utilizing local flora and drought-resistant species such as cactus and succulents in the design process. Not only does the use of water decrease when Xeriscaping is present, but Xeriscaping is also no longer required to put in place high-priced irrigation systems because they are no longer necessary.



Some plants can live in areas with limited water supplies because Xerophytes require only a tiny amount of water; Cacti is a fantastic illustration of this.



A coniferous tree that produces fruits resembling red berries should never be consumed since most plant and Yew products are toxic.


Primarily a phrase used to describe crops' cultivation. Yield can also apply to the foods we grow for our consumption.


Refers to the Growth Hardiness Zone, a system that uses temperature ranges to help decide which species of plants can thrive in a particular region. On the back of seed packets is typically a map indicating which zones the plant may grow in and when Zone should be developed.

Gardener Chicken: What You Need To Know

Gardener Chicken

In my 39 years of life, I have spent 32 years living on a farm or homestead. We spent the best of those years tending to vast gardens and keeping a sizable flock of chickens and other fowl. Even at this late date, I have a community of at least fifty, and the size of my vegetable plots seems to increase with each passing year. Approximately every several years, I'll find an article in a publication that extols the virtues of a "chicken-friendly gardening." It will include lovely photographs of little red Bantams picking insects off a newly planted squash vine.

People will remark how easy it is to cut out the middleman and let the birds fertilize the garden on their own, which will spark a lot of conversation. I am forced to be practical about my chickens and harvest due to the truth behind why I homestead. There has had to be something I'm doing wrong if I can't keep the hens and the gardening apart, right?
The hens are the cutest little things, and they are wondrous and curious creatures, and their eggs bring me joy. However, providing them with a location to assemble is not my primary objective regarding gardening so that I can provide for my family.
Since I homestead for practical reasons, I have had to be helpful about my chickens and harvest. Even though they can cohabit, you will need to take some careful (and frequently labor-intensive) steps if you want to ensure that both the birds and the growers are pleased! These include the establishment of appropriate borders and integrating animal and plant kingdoms in a more secure manner.

Gardener Chicken

I haven't decided on whether we will go to the trouble of putting chickens in the garden this year. At the very least, it is simple enough to allow them to free-range in my vast watermelon and squash field in the weeks before the fruit set on because there is no fencing or other infrastructure to deal with in this area. Even if you decide to exclude your feathered companions, there are still methods to keep the mutually beneficial relationship going, even if it is in a substitute form.

Every day, you should feed your hens weeds and fruits that have gone bad. When chicken manure is added to compost, it will turn into a version that is not as dangerous and is lower in nitrogen content compared to when it is provided "in person." You can also grind eggshells into a powder that improves the root system of plants. Healthier as well as more efficient, chickens and gardens make ideal partners. However, how you decide to put them together is a highly individualized decision. You can watch an embedded youtube video to learn more.

Garden Dry Vegetables And Store Seeds

 Store Seeds

You are confronted with deciding which vegetables to cultivate each time a new planting season rolls around. You can store your plants flower seeds too. After arriving at this conclusion, the subsequent step is to purchase seeds for use in planting. You can do so by shopping at nearby farm and garden stores or placing an order on the website, but it gets even better: you can save your seeds for planting rather than purchasing additional sources. Additionally, this choice allows you to utilize an abundant non-depletable resource. All that is required of you is to gather the seeds at the appropriate time so they can be stored until planting time. The roots are the focal point plant.

 Store Seed

If you want to keep the seeds you harvest, you will need to extract them from the appropriate region of the plant, which may be the flower in some circumstances or the vegetable itself in other cases. This is necessary to preserve the seeds. After that, the roots will need to be cleaned and dried properly before being placed in a suitable storage container. Drying seeds on a screen is recommended since this allows air to access the sources from all sides, resulting in a quicker and more thorough drying process. Once they have reached a dry state, seeds should be kept in airtight containers that prevent moisture from getting in—a wide variety of acceptable containers, ranging from Ziploc bags to mason jars and film canisters. Labeling the container with the type of seeds contained within it is essential, so there is no room for misunderstanding when planting the seeds. It is not difficult to collect seeds; however, how different kinds of vegetables and flowers' Roots must be obtained from soil and kept differs slightly from one type of vegetable to another. The following is a list of five common plants, along with instructions on how to collect their seeds:


  • The best tomatoes for seed harvesting are those allowed to mature fully before being picked. Remove the pulp from tomatoes by cutting them open and pressing the seeds to separate them from the pulp. After dissolving the pulp from the sources, remove the seeds and rinse them thoroughly before spreading them out to dry for about twenty-four hours before placing them in an airtight container.
  • The blooming stalk of lettuce can grow to several feet and be quite tall. Each flower that forms on this stalk has the potential to yield somewhere between a dozen and fifteen seeds, give or take a few. When the flowers are in full bloom, which often occurs in the fall, collect the seeds and let them fully dry for a couple of days before storing them in airtight containers.
  • The harvesting of pepper seeds is as simple as taking the seeds from the fruit inside, separating them so they may dry more quickly, and then putting them away for future use after they have been dried. Because peppers can self-pollinate and cross-pollinate, the peppers that develop from your plant seeds may be somewhat different. This could be something as basic as pepper with an unexpectedly sweet flavor or a higher heat than anticipated.
  • After the pods have dried out and shed all of their leaves, it is possible to collect the beans. Be aware that pods that have gotten too dry may release their seeds on their own accord, so keep an eye out for this to ensure that you can conserve your seeds. Pick the beans you desire to preserve while ensuring that the pod remains intact. Keep the seeds in their pods and spread them out to dry in the sun for a few days; after that, extract the beans and put them away. If it seems like rinsing is essential, give it enough time to dry off before continuing.
  • When cucumbers are left on the vine past the point of ripeness, they can be harvested for their seeds. When the cucumber seeds begin to turn into a lighter hue, which indicates that they are ready to be harvested, keep an eye out for this development. After cutting the cucumbers open and scooping out the seeds and pulp, place the cucumber pieces and some water in a jar to ferment. In a matter of days, the pulp that encapsulates the roots will be broken down into smaller pieces if you stir this combination while it ferments. At this point, you should collect the seeds that have sunk to the bottom of the container because they usually have the best chance of survival. After being washed and left to dry in the open air, store them in an airtight container until they have become grainy to the touch.

It depends on the type of seed that was stored and whether seeds that have been stored for several years can still be used. Keeping this information in mind, along with the fact that you can save money by collecting your seeds, it makes good sense to follow a reuse strategy rather than making repeated purchases. Additionally, there is the prospect of saving heirloom seeds through this practice. When you take vegetable gardening one step further and harvest and store your very own seeds, you will get the satisfaction of work well done and the feeling of accomplishment that comes with a job well done.

Are You Having Trouble Identifying Your Gardening Terms?

Are You Having Trouble Identifying Your Gardening Terms?

Don't worry. We will keep providing you with weekly updates to the exhaustive gardening terminology list we maintain for you. Just send me an email with the information you need, and we will add it to the list, then publish it as soon as possible.

These were some gardening terms and a gardening glossary. By doing this, you and I can assist our fellow gardening in the future in better understanding a wider variety of gardening terminology. Or. You can write a remark down below!