More Than 31 Delectable Cheese Types, Including Nutritional Values

different-cheeses

Emma DowneyByEmma Downey
Updated on 10/4/2022


When cheese is good for you, why should it be a guilty pleasure? The nutritional content of various varieties of cheese varies. Cheese, on the other hand, is often high in protein, calcium, vitamins A, B-12, K-2, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Cheese may be your new best friend, providing you with healthy teeth, bones, brain, and heart, as well as improving your immune system.

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Combine broccoli, kale, eggplant, or bell peppers with cheese to make a healthful treat.

Foods that are good for you don't have to be bland; they may also be tasty. So, rather than counting calories, keep track of the health advantages.

Note: The nutritional value of cheese varies depending on the type and amount consumed, so be sure to read our dietary guidelines.

In this post, we'll discuss the myriad varieties of cheese that are currently available and, with any luck, steer you in the direction of some that you haven't already sampled.

An Explanation Of The Various Types Of Cheese

Because every type of cheese is so distinctive from the others, it can be tough to categorize cheese.

Having said that, different kinds of cheese can be differentiated from one another according to their consistency, moisture content, degree of ripening, methods of production, and geographic origin.

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If you enjoy cheese, whether you prefer to eat it or cook with it, it is highly beneficial to have a working knowledge of the different types of cheese.

Moisture Content

The degree to which cheese is firm or soft is directly related to the amount of moisture. It enables you to recognize cheese based on the rind and the texture of the cheese.

Hard Cheese

A low moisture content, a firm texture, and a longer shelf life are all characteristics of hard cheese. You are going to enjoy the savory aftertaste that is left behind by hard cheese. Even better, its flavor holds up well after being stored for a while.

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Popular kinds of hard cheese include Emmental, which has a flavor similar to nuts and butter, and Parmesan and Romano, which can be found on foods like pizza, pasta, and risotto.

Semi-Hard Cheese

Its flavor may not be as robust as hard cheese, but the delicious combination of buttery and piquant flavors and a subtle aroma make it an excellent food choice. Cheeses in this category have a consistency somewhere between firm and elastic.

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Cheddar and Gouda are two well-known varieties of cheese.

Cheese With A Medium Texture

The gooey, delicious raclettes and fondues, and delectable quiches, can be made with semi-soft cheese, which can be produced using either pasteurized or raw milk.

It is then subjected to an aging process that is considered average, which endows it with the delectable flavors of fresh milk. This type of cheese is dense, compact, and springy all simultaneously.

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There are wide semi-soft cheese varieties, but some of the most well-known include Muenster, Stinking Bishop, and the Italian Bel Paese.

Soft Cheese

This type of cheese is aged for only one month and can be made from the milk of sheep, buffalo, cows, or goats. Because of this, it has a high percentage of moisture, which contributes to its soft texture and doughy, white appearance on the surface.

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In addition to Brie and Camembert, you can't forget about the delicious cream cheese required for bagels and cheesecakes. Without it, neither of these dishes would be complete.

Milk

The flavor of cheese can change depending on the kind of milk used to make it.

Cow's milk is used by the vast majority of cheese manufacturers, even though cheese can be made from various milk, such as those goats, sheep, buffalo, yak, and cow's milk.

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Did you know that the sheep's milk used to make Ricotta, Roquefort, and Feta cheeses give these cheeses their distinctively savory flavor?

Mold

Mold is an excellent source for classifying different types of cheese as soft-ripened cheeses, washed-rind cheeses, and blue cheeses due to the color it imparts to the cheese and the effect it has on the flavor.

Cheese With A Mellow Ripening Texture

This succulent cheese envelops your mouth with its buttery, creamy flavor, sometimes even veering towards a flavor reminiscent of mushrooms, grass, or garlic. It is simply irresistible.

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Cheese made to ripen from the outside is referred to as soft-ripened cheese. The milk is contaminated with mold, resulting in the cheese having a thin, white rind that is soft and edible despite having little to no flavor overall.

Cheese With A Washed Rind

The term "washed-rind cheese" refers to various types of cheese that have had their rinds washed in brine. A solution of wine, brandy, and other ingredients that encourage the growth of bacteria can be considered brine; however, brine can also be saltwater.

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The presence of bacteria is responsible for both the pungent odor and the reddish color of the rind of these types of cheese.

Cheese With A Smear-Ripened Rind

In reality, the orange rind of Muenster, which is what initially draws your attention, is produced from either bacterial or fungal solutions.

But it would help if you didn't get it confused with other types of cheese that have a washed rind. In this case, washing is done to prevent mold growth and ensure the development of some desired bacteria.

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Bacteria are responsible for not only the distinct colors that are found in this type of cheese but also the robust flavor.

The Blue Cheese

The many veins that run through this cheese make it easy to detect.
These blue, green, and greyish-blackish veins are mold patches generated by Penicillium colonies during ripening.

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This process is responsible for developing the cheese's entire personality, from its aroma to its soft, creamy texture and intense, salty flavor.

Cheese Made Fresh

Fresh cheese has not had enough time to mature and is made from fresh curd. This type of cheese does not have a rind, making it tender and easily spread over or mixed with salads.

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The varying textures of its parts determine the forms that it can take. The fresh cheese cottage cheese has a grainy consistency, whereas the fresh cheese, known as cream cheese, has a velvety and creamy texture.

Cheese With A Stretched Curd

Cheese made from stretched curd is produced by kneading and wringing milk curd, as suggested by the cheese's name.

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Because of this process, the cheese will be elastic and stringy. The traditional Italian name for this dish is pasta filata, but that name more commonly knows it.

Pressed Cooked Cheese

To make cooked, pressed cheese types, the curd is first subjected to a high-temperature heating process, and then it is encouraged to remove excess moisture.

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The majority of the cheeses in this category are either of the Swiss-type or Alpine varieties. Even though they are semi-hard, these types of cheese still have a pliable texture, and their flavor is rich, nutty, and buttery.

Brine Cheese

Brine cheese, also known as pickle cheese, is submerged in a brine solution for ripening. They are either soft or hard, depending on the amount of moisture they contain.

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This type of cheese, which does not have a rind, is brine mature as it ages; its flavor shifts from being salty and sour to have a more pronounced savory quality. Its consistency ranges from grainy to velvety, depending on the area.

Cheese That Has Been Processed

This cheese can be found easily tucked in between hamburgers and sandwiches, melting into a decadent layer as it does so. You will recognize it anywhere.

When making processed cheese from traditional cheese, various products such as salt, emulsifying agents, and preservatives, among others, are added to the cheese.

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This variety of Italian cheese pairs exceptionally well with courses like tiramisu or even coffee and sugary desserts.

Mascarpone cheese contains 400 calories, 4.8 grams of protein, and 40 grams of fat per 100-gram serving size.

Even the most seasoned cheese connoisseur might be perplexed by the variety of cheeses available and their frequently exotic names.

However, we've included all of the leading cheese kinds below to make things easier for you.

Soft Cheese Varieties

Soft cheeses are easy to spread due to their soothing and flexible composition. They also have a delicate creamy flavor that is hard to resist. It's fantastic!

If you haven't before, try spreading it over crackers or pairing it with your favorite wine. Here are some soft cheese kinds to try if you haven't previously.

Mascarpone

Mascarpone is not cream cheese since it is boiled and includes additional acid. It tastes fresh, creamy, and has a rich texture.

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This Italian cheese pairs well with pastries like tiramisu, coffee, and sweet treats.

Mascarpone cheese has 400 calories, 4.8 grammes of protein, and 40 grammes of fat per 100 grammes.

The Cottage Cheese

Cottage cheese, unlike other forms of cheese, does not need the use of different substances such as artificial bacteria or specific equipment.

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It has a grainy and runny texture, low to moderate moisture levels and a very fresh and creamy flavor. It is considered one of the more nutritious cheeses that can be found.

Cottage cheese has 4.3 grams of fat, 98 calories, and 11 grams of protein per every 100 grams of the product.

Feta

The cheese known as feta is fresh, and it is high in various nutrients because it is made from sheep or goats' milk. It has a crumbly and juicy texture and has a very bland flavor.

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There are 74 calories, 4 grams of protein, and 6 grams of fat in each serving, 100 grams in size. The fresh and creamy flavor of feta and its low-calorie count makes it an excellent complement to salads.

Boursin

This French cheese is distinguished by combining herbs and spices that are added to the flavor of the buttery and creamy center of the cheese.

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You can enjoy a zingy delight by mixing it with your salad while it still retains its crumbly texture.

Burrata

Burrata is a delectable combination of flavors that are distinct but complement one another, resulting in a satisfyingly luxurious experience.

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Mozzarella is used to create the exterior layer, and then cream is used to fill the interior. This cheese is a winner no matter what you're serving it with, whether it's a pizza Margherita or pesto pasta. Bon appétit!

Edam

This is one of those smooth, soft, and creamy cheeses, and it has a beautiful flavor.

This variety of cheese has a delicate flavor. You can consume it on its own or with other foods, such as chips and vegetables. Additionally, it pairs nicely with a crisp white wine.

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Three hundred and fifty-seven calories, twenty-eight grams of fat, and twenty-five grams of protein can be found in one hundred grams of Edam cheese.

Paneer Cheese

The cheese that is a staple in India is used in various dishes. The flavor of paneer, a type of fresh cheese with a crumbly and solid consistency, is not particularly distinctive.

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There are 321 calories, 21 grams of protein, and 25 grams of fat in one hundred grams of the block.

Havarti Cheese

The flavor of Havarti cheese is described as being similar to that of honey, butter, and milk, making it an essential component of any meal. Because of its even and smooth texture, it is perfect for making sandwiches, and the fact that it is semi-soft allows it to melt while maintaining a good consistency.

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Three hundred and seventy-one calories, twenty-four grams of protein, and thirty grams of fat are contained in one hundred grams of Havarti cheese.

Different kinds Of Hard Cheese

The taste of complex cheese types must be learned and often described as complex, flavorful, and intense. Let's look at some of the more well-known hard cheese varieties available for your consumption.

Gouda

This Dutch cheese has been aged to perfection, and it is easy to recognize thanks to the orange color of the cheese and the robust flavor it possesses. It's a cheese with a velvety smooth texture and a powerful aromatic appeal.

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A piece of aged goat gouda makes for a beautiful addition to a pot of Pu'erh Tea.

There are 27 grams of fat, 356 calories, and 25 grams of protein in every one hundred grams of Gouda cheese.

Raclette Cheese

The word "raclette" literally means "umami," which is a taste similar to a broth that can make any dish taste more satisfying and gooey.

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It is a type of cheese that is considered among the most abundant of those available.

This cheese has 330 calories, 23 grams of protein, and 26 grams of fat per every one hundred grams.

Manchego

Manchego is an excellent place to begin your exploration of the world of hard cheeses. Thanks to its buttery and nutty characteristics, it is not overpowering in flavor, and it has a slightly zesty flavor play that complements the creamy taste that it offers.

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You can appreciate it in all its incarnations, from its infancy to its old age and everything in between. It goes exceptionally well with olives, tomatoes, robust wine, or even almonds and honey, for that matter.

Grana Padano

This cheese got its name from the grainy consistency of its texture. The flavor is less intense than Parmigiano-Reggiano's, but it is otherwise comparable.

This kind of aged cheese has a flavor that captures the aroma of its aging. Because the rind is so tough, it is typically grated and sprinkled over other foods.

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It has just a sweetness, making it an excellent accompaniment to creamy foods like eggs.

Different varieties Of Blue Cheese

This particular variety of cheese is notable not only for the striking blue lines that intersect one another but also for the creamy, crumbly consistency that it possesses. It is simple to spread and melt, and it can be combined with a wide range of different foods.

A word of warning: blue cheese varieties' intense, sharp flavor profile and their unmistakable aroma might not be to everyone's taste.

Gorgonzola

This variety of cheese takes its name from its native country Italy. Because of the kick that it packs, dishes like risotto, pasta, and pizza all benefit from its presence.

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The flavor can change depending on how old it is. Young gorgonzolas have the potential to be buttery, creamy, and soft, with a flavor that borders on being slightly sharp. In contrast, mature gorgonzolas will have a more robust and savory taste.

Gorgonzola makes for an excellent snack when combined with other delicious ingredients like grapes, pistachios, or honey.

Roquefort

Roquefort is the blue cheese variety that is consumed the most frequently. It has a robust and tangy flavor profile, and the texture is smooth and creamy at the same time.

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This variety of cheese is produced using milk from sheep. Because it lacks a rind, this fruit's crumbly texture and salty flavor are both edible.

To make the most of the pleasure that your evening has to offer, adorn your table with candles, wine, and a slice of Roquefort cheese.

Varieties Of Cheese Found In Italy

Italy's recipes can transform dishes into something more homey, wholesome, and traditional. One must get the chance to sample the various types of cheese produced in Italy.

Let's look into even more areas where the Italians have contributed to our happiness.

Mozzarella

Mozzarella is consistently ranked as one of the most well-liked types of cheese available. Fresh mozzarella is delicious when eaten raw with tomatoes and a dash of olive oil, and it is also a common ingredient in pizza and other Italian dishes.

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The high moisture content of this cheese does not make it unhealthy.

About 85 calories, 6 grams of protein, and 6 grams of fat can be found in mozzarella cheese that weighs 28 grams or one ounce.

Parmigiano-Reggiano

It is a type of hard cheese called Parmigiano-Reggiano, and it is also referred to as the "King of cheeses." In contrast to mozzarella, this cheese is aged just like a good whiskey, which lends it a robust and singular flavor.

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This particular variety of cheese has 392 calories, 35.71 grams of protein, and 25 grams of fat in every 100 grams serving size.

Pecorino-Romano (Sheep Cheese)

This one has a distinct and robust flavor, and it is typically too salty for you to eat by itself because it is made from sheep's milk.

Because it is also a type of hard cheese, its consistency is comparable to that of Parmigiano.

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Pecorino Romano cheese contains approximately 400 calories, 20 grams of protein, and 30 grams of fat per every 100 grams.

Taleggio

The interior of this semi-soft cheese with contrasting flavors is creamy, and the exterior has a slightly acidic touch. This type of cheese is characterized by a distinctive red smear, contributing to its delectable taste.

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You're going to fall in love with the rich, delicate flavor and fruity tang it has.

Provolone

The flavors of this type of semi-hard cheese can range from light and sweet to bold, and it all depends on the age of the cheese and the amount of moisture that it contains in its particular variety.

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It has a velvety smooth texture, and the rich buttery flavor combined with hints of saltiness fills your mouth. Provolone is a well-liked cheese due to its flavorful and mellow character.

Varieties Of Cheese Produced In France

You are immediately transported to the more upscale section of the cheese aisle when you mention French cheese. What is it about French cheese and wine that makes them so delicious? The uniqueness and sophistication of them.

Brie

 Brie is a soft cheese known for its mild flavor, smooth texture, and tart flavor. One of the most well-liked kinds of cheese, French Brie can be relished on its own or with an accompaniment that accentuates the cheese's clean and velvety texture and its fruity and floral undertones.

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The exact amount of brie contains 334 calories, 28 grams of fat, and 21 grams of protein per one hundred grams.

Camembert Cheese

This type of soft cheese is carefully crafted, and as a result, it develops two layers: a mild, dry rind on the outside and a soft, runny center. It has a flavor that is very robust in addition to a musky and putrid aroma.

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There will be 299 calories, 24 grams of fat, and 20 grams of protein in every single 100-gram serving of Camembert cheese.

Epoisses

This type of cheese is well-loved despite having a strong odor, and it is packaged and sold in small wooden boxes. It has a simultaneously velvety and creamy texture and is exceptionally soft.

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When it comes to Epoisses, a white wine from Vouvray or Burgundy might be better than a red wine from the region. Epoisses are a delicious treat that combines custard and bacon, and they go particularly well with quiches.

Chèvre Cheese

And here we have a cheese made from goat's milk with a robust flavor reminiscent of the earth. The tanginess of chèvre cheese can be found in all of its varieties.

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There are approximately 364 calories, 30 grams of fat, and 22 grams of protein in one hundred grams of Chèvre cheese.

Picodon De Chèvre

This variety of cheese has a potent aroma and a flavor profile that combines sweet and salty flavors. It is aged to impart a flavor that differs from when it was first produced due to goat's milk.

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Initially, the pate has a solid and smooth consistency, but it will take on a crumbly and grainy appearance as it ages. It has kept its spiciness throughout.

Different kinds Of Swiss Cheese

It is sufficient to be familiar with Emmental to identify Swiss cheese. We may refer to as "holes" in this cheese are called "eyes," and they are formed when bubbles of carbon dioxide affect the cheese.

Please note that these "eyes" actually affect the flavor of the cheese. The size of the "eyes" on this cheese typically correlates with the intensity of flavor that the cheese possesses.

Emmental

The flavor of this Swiss cheese made from cow's milk is almost sweet, but it has a strong aroma.

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This particular variety of cheese is easy to identify because it has holes or "eyes" visible in it.

This cheese has 380 calories, 26 grams of protein, and 28 grams of fat per every 100 grams measured.

Gruyere

This one is a firm and nutty Swiss cheese with a complex flavor profile. It works wonderfully for melting various foods. However, it tends to overwhelm the other flavors in a dish. It is most commonly found in broth-based dishes.

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There are 413 calories, 32 grams of fat, and 30 grams of protein in every hundred grams of gruyere.

Forsterkase

Forsterkase This cheese is wrapped in a piece of bark that has been fastened around it. This bark contributes to the development of a beautiful umami flavor and an intense and woodsy aroma.

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It is not even close to being mild, thanks to the smoky and earthy flavors it possesses. It goes well with fig cakes and beer, which are tasty accompaniments.

Screamer, The Moser

The luscious texture and delicious decadence of this triple cream cheese are two reasons why it is so popular.

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Cow's milk is used to produce this cheese, which features a delicate rind surrounding a succulent and buttery center.

The aromatic Moser Screamer will make you appreciate every mouthful, whether you choose to serve it with some sparkling white wine or some good walnut bread.

Newly Made Cream Cheese

Cream cheese is a versatile ingredient that can be utilized in various preparations thanks to its smooth, creamy flavor and acidic undertones. It typically has a mild flavor, but sometimes herbs are used to flavor it, which gives it a zestier twist on the taste.

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In contrast to processed cream cheese, fresh cream cheese does not include any additives or culture in its composition. Instead, it is aged in natural preservatives, which improves both the final product's flavor and consistency.

It is possible to make it with either raw milk or milk pasteurized milk. With its distinctively rich umami flavor, this variety of cheese makes for a mouthwatering contrast when served alongside fresh citrus fruits. In addition, you can enjoy it with some chips and bread.

Vegan Cheese

Vegan cheese is distinct from regular cheese because it does not contain any milk in its production, and it has a flavor comparable to cheese made from dairy.

Even though each vegan cheese has its unique flavor, they all share a creamy texture and a hint of nuttiness in their aroma.

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There are approximately 11 grams of protein and 12 grams of fat in every one hundred grams of vegan cheese. Each serving size is 260 calories.

Cheese Powder

Cheese powder is a combination of different types of cheese that have been thoroughly combined, after which they have been dried and packaged in a handy sprinkler.

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The presence of anti-caking agents may cause it to have a distinct flavor from that of other kinds of cheese.

There are 500 calories, 29 grams of protein, and 29 grams of fat in every one hundred grams of cheese powder.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Many Different Kinds Of Cheese Do You Think There Are?

Fresh cheese, stretched-out cheese, cooked, pressed cheese, brine cheese, and processed cheese can be classed based on moisture level, mold, and milk.

What Is Kind Of Cheese Best For Pizza?

What good is a pizza if it doesn't have cheese on it? Mozzarella's neutral tone complements the tanginess of the tomato and the bread.

What Type Of Cheese Is Babybel?

Babybel is mainly used as a snack cheese, and it comes in teeny-tiny packets; it's also relatively inexpensive compared to other cheeses. It comes in various flavors, including mozzarella, cheddar, Edam, and Emmental. However, it is frequently creamy, salty, and has a subtle savory flavor that is pleasing to the palate. Although Babybel is well-known, it is not a high-quality cheese, and Mozzarella cheese is topped with a few olives to add just the proper amount of richness and a satisfying umami flavor to your pizza.

Because there are so many different kinds of cheese, and because cheese can be used in so many different ways, it's possible that you might be a little confused about some of the facts. Here are some of the most frequent questions we get about the different kinds of cheese.

Please, More Cheese!

You can try other sorts and add extra cheese to your platter using the extensive list of cheese types we've provided.

Try as many sorts as you can–whether you're a gourmet or not, learning all the many types of cheese out there can be a fascinating adventure.

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And don't forget to eat all of that cheese with fresh vegetables from your garden.
You may even create your cheese in the comfort of your own home. Check out our simple tutorial on producing cheese at home to get started.