Carrots: From Seed To Table 


Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 12/4/2022

Carrots are one of the most popular garden vegetables, but cultivating them may be challenging for many gardeners. Carrots may be grown successfully in the garden or containers if you follow these instructions for planting, growing, and harvesting them. In addition, we hope you enjoy our brand new instructional video on how to cultivate carrots successfully.

Regarding Carrots

Carrots are a crop that thrives in the spring and are cultivated during the chilly season. They are a delicious addition to a meal and a fantastic source of vitamin A, and they are delicious whether cooked or eaten raw.

This well-liked vegetable has a natural sweetness, especially in homegrown carrots. This is because the sugar that gives carrots their characteristic sweetness tends to be replaced by fiber when the carrots sit on shop shelves for more extended periods.


In addition, home gardeners now have access to a far more comprehensive range of types to cultivate, such as round Parisian heirlooms, Belgium Whites, and Purple Dragons. (Not all carrots have the form you see in supermarket stores.) You shouldn't expect to receive straight carrots like those in supermarket stores. No matter what form they take, your carrots will still have a superior flavor.

It is commonly believed that carrots are difficult to cultivate, particularly in thick and compacted soil. On the other hand, carrots are cultivatable with only a little work. Read on for additional information in our planting guide. Carrots thrive best in warm, sunny environments (6 to 10 hours of sun). This is one of the few crops that actively benefits from sandier soils; hence the ground itself must be able to drain well. You also don't want your soil to be too rich because otherwise, the carrots won't be able to grow down into it!

If the soil in your garden is compacted and formed of clay, you should cultivate your carrots in containers or raised beds at least 8 to 12 inches high. See our advice on planting in containers down below!

When Should Carrots Be Planted?


  • Carrot seeds should be planted approximately two to three weeks before the last spring frost date. 
  • Discover the frost dates for your area here. After the winter, the soil should ideally be dry and have gained a little bit of temperature before you start planting anything.
  • Seeds begin to germinate when the soil temperature is at least 55 degrees Fahrenheit (and preferably between 55 and 65 degrees). The temperature should not surpass 75 degrees Fahrenheit. The high summer temperatures inhibit growth, which in turn lowers the quality and leads to the development of nasty tastes and bitterness.
  • Planting seeds in the middle to late summer, beginning around ten weeks before your first fall frost, will result in a crop in the fall.

How To Start Your Own Carrot Garden

To get the site ready till it is down to a depth of twenty centimeters. Check to see that there are no large boulders, stones, or even clumps of soil. If your soil is dense and compact, you should amend it with compost and add six inches of sandy topsoil. To be sure, we advise drilling the hole again.

Instead of transplanting, it is recommended that you spread the seeds directly in the garden (or in the location where you wish to grow them). Carrots do not appreciate it when their roots are messed with.
Plant the seeds a quarter of an inch deep, spacing them 2 to 3 inches apart in rows 1 foot apart.


Tip: If you want to prevent the seeds from growing together, try to scatter them consistently. Because the seeds are so minute, it is relatively simple to spread them in an excessively dense way. If you do not have the steadiest hand, a simple suggestion to help you distribute the seeds more evenly is to combine the seeds with fine sand. In that case, you can instead sow little amounts of your sand-seed mixture. Next, simply place something over the seeds.

  • Maintaining a wet soil condition requires just infrequent, light irrigation. For tiny carrot seeds to germinate, the top layer of soil must not develop a hard crust; cover the bases with a layer of fine sand, vermiculite, or compost to prevent the formation of a crust. (If you stick your finger in the ground up to the middle knuckle, it should be damp but not wet.)
  • Sometimes it takes carrot seeds a while to germinate. Carrots often sprout 14 and 21 days after planting, so try not to worry if you don't see any immediately afterward.
  • Radishes planted alongside carrots help reduce the amount of crusting on them and make it easier to maintain track of where the carrot seeds were placed. Planting seeds of a radish variety germinate rapidly in between the rows of carrots. Radishes have a rapid growth rate and will be ready for harvest before the carrots even begin to show significant signs of development.
  • Carrots should be planted once every four weeks, from the beginning of spring to the middle of summer.
  • Carrots are arranged in receptacles.


  • Growing carrots in containers is an excellent way to customize the ideal growing medium and protect the plants from pests such as the carrot fly. The depth of the pos ought to be at least 10 to 12 inches, and it should be as broad as possible.
  • A mixture of equal parts potting soil and sand is an excellent choice for low-fertility earth.
    Place seeds in a skinny layer over the top of a container that has been filled and then cover them with a minimal amount of the growing medium.
  • Be sure to give it plenty of water, name it, and then place it somewhere sunny.
  • Maintain a moist environment since, unlike carrots planted in the ground, these carrots will wholly rely on you to provide for all their requirements.
  • When the seedlings have reached their full height, space them a couple of inches apart. Once they have grown to the size of fingers, you may harvest them.



Carrots should be mulched carefully to prevent moisture loss, hasten the germination process, and prevent direct sunlight from damaging the roots.

When seedlings are an inch tall and have three to four true leaves, thin them down so that they have three to four inches of space between each one, and cut off the tops of the plants with scissors rather than yanking them out to avoid damaging the delicate roots of the plants that are still standing.

Carrots should have an inch of water added to their soil or received each week naturally; however, care should be taken not to overwater them.

Carrots do not want to compete with weeds, so be sure to pull them out thoroughly, but be cautious not to damage the young carrots' roots in the process. Carrots do not like to be pushed around.

After five to six weeks, apply fertilizer to the soil. (Because an abundance of nitrogen in the soil encourages the growth of the plant's leaves rather than its roots, we advise using a fertilizer with low nitrogen content.)


Carrots are available in various hues, sizes, and contours.

  • "Bolero" has a slightly tapered shape, may grow 7 to 8 inches tall, and is resistant to most leaf blights and pests.
  • 'Danvers' is a traditional heritage variety with a length of 6 to 8 inches that narrows toward the end, a rich, dark orange color, and the ability to thrive in heavy soil.
  • A Nantes-type carrot that is barely four inches in length and one inch thick, the heirloom "Little Finger" carrot is ideal for growing in pots due to its small size. "Nantes" is a cylindrical (not tapered) shape between 6 and 7 inches long and has a delightful flavor and crisp consistency.
  • The heritage "Thumberline" carrot is a round variety that thrives in clumpy or clay soil and pots.
  • Try the heritage 'Red Cored Chantenay' and the dazzling 'Solar Yellow' for colors that are out of the ordinary.

How And When To Gather Carrots For Their Harvest


How will you know when your carrots have reached their peak flavor? Look at the neck of the root to approximate the breadth of the sources, and then carry around a little piece of the heart with you. After two months after the seeds were planted, the first roots should be ready for harvest.

In general, the flavor of the carrot is enhanced by its small size. Carrots should have a diameter of at least half an inch or around the same width as your thumb.

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If you grasp the roots firmly at the base of the leaves, you should be able to remove even the younger and more superficial ones without any difficulty. When pulling anything up by its roots, it is frequently helpful to press down on the basics first and then twist it as you are doing so.

A fork may be required to aid loosen more extensive, longer roots, particularly those of maincrop carrots that are seeded for consumption over the winter.

Harvest the roots in phases or when they have reached their total growth. This method will spread your harvest over a more extended period.


Carrots are grown in the spring and early summer and should be harvested before the average temperature reaches a point where it might cause the roots to become fibrous. Carrots can be grown in the spring and early summer.

When harvested in the fall, carrots have a flavor that is much improved after experiencing one or more frosts. (When a plant experiences cold, it is stimulated to begin storing energy in the form of carbohydrates in its roots for use at a later time.) After the first significant frost of the fall, place an 18-inch layer of shredded leaves on top of the carrot tops to protect them so they may be harvested later.

Note: Carrots are biennial. If you do not pick the carrots and allow them to remain in the ground, the tops of the carrots will blossom and generate seeds the following year.

Before storing carrots, clean them well and cut off the ends.

How Should You Store Carrots Once They Are Fresh?


To properly store newly picked carrots, remove as much of the top as possible by twisting or cutting it off, then wash the carrots under cold running water and let them air dry. Refrigerate after sealing in sealed plastic bags to prevent spoilage. If you place fresh carrots in the fridge without doing anything else, they will lose their crispness in a few hours.

Carrots that have reached maturity can be temporarily stored in the ground if there is no danger of the ground freezing and there are no problems with pests.
In addition, carrots can be kept in a cool and dry place in tubs filled with either damp sand or dry sawdust.

Wisdom And Creativity

Some carrots range in color from purple to white, and some of these types have a higher level of resistance to illnesses and insects.

Carrots with a long shelf life have a high sugar content and are an excellent source of vitamin A and carotene. 

Because of the carrot's natural sweetness, the Irish referred to this root vegetable as “subterranean honey.”

The very first canned vegetable was a carrot, which was done on a commercial scale.


Carrot Pests And Diseases

Aster Yellow DiseaseBacteriaShortened and discolored carrot tops and thin, hairy roots; bitter tasteTransferred from one plant to another when the pests munch on them. You'll need to keep the weeds under control and invest in a pest management plan if you want to get rid of things like leafhoppers. This illness is capable of surviving the cold months.
Black (Itersonilia) canker FungusCankers that are shallow and reddish brown/purple/black appear on the crown and shoulder of carrots; tiny spots that are orange-brown and may have green halos appear on the leaves; the blossoms deteriorate.Pick resistant cultivars, bury the shoulders of your carrots, and rotate your crops.
Carrot rust fliesInsectWilted/stunted plants; tunnels with rust-color excrement in roots of carrot-family crops; root rotMonitor adults with yellow sticky traps, use row coverings, include native plants to entice beneficial insects, eliminate crop leftovers, and rotate crops.
flea beetlesInsectNumerous tiny holes in leaves
Utilize row covers, mulch extensively, and add native plants to your garden in order to encourage helpful insects.
LeafhoppersInsect"hopper burn" (leaves that are yellow/brown, curled, or stunted) and lower yield are all symptoms of nymphal molting, which may be identified by the presence of white shed skins on the undersides of the leaves.Use a powerful spray of water to remove nymphs from the undersides of leaf surfaces; use row coverings; monitor adults using yellow sticky traps; weed, and eliminate crop debris.
Root-knot nematodesInsectTypically, roots “knotty” or galled; plants stunted/yellow/wilted; roots forked/pimpledEliminate all crop traces, including the roots; select resistant cultivars; solarize the soil; add compost or manure that has aged; sterilize the equipment. And till the ground in the fall. rotation crops
WirewormsInsectseeds that have been hollowed out; seedlings that have been cut; stunting/wilting; roots that have been chewed; tubers/bulbs that have been boredSet a trap by digging holes that are 2 to 4 inches deep every 3 to 10 feet, using a mixture of germinating beans, corn, and peas or potato sections as bait, covering the trap with soil or a board, and uncovering it after one week to kill the collected wireworms; sow seeds in warm soil for rapid germination; ensure adequate drainage; remove plant debris; rotate crops.

Carrots are one of the most popular garden crops, but growing them may be difficult for many gardeners.

Carrots may be grown effectively in the garden or in containers if the planting, growth, and harvesting instructions are followed. Furthermore, we hope you like our brand new instructional video on how to effectively produce carrots.