Herbaceous plants are cultivated for their powerful smell and pristine hues; freesia flowers are herbaceous plants. These low-growing springtime flowers originate from a solid bulb known as a corm and are native to Africa. With this simple guide, you'll learn about the most fantastic freesia flower kinds and how to grow and care for them.
Freesia produces a tuft of narrow leaves that can grow 12" long before blooming into a one-sided spike of fragrant flowers with 6 to 8 tepals.
field of freesia flowers
Freesias survive a long time after being cut and can remain up to three weeks in a vase, so they're frequently used in flower arrangements.
The flower's unique appearance makes it a welcome addition to any home or garden.
It's not difficult to grow freesias in the garden or indoors, and all you have to do is take into account your climate and plant them at the appropriate time. Follow our planting guidelines for both outdoor and indoor planting.
Early fall is the most acceptable time to plant freesias in the garden, and the most crucial thing is to pick a sunny location.
Sun is required for freesias to thrive and produce beautiful blooms. More about light requirements in the freesia plant care section below.
Plant the bulbs two inches deep, with the pointy end up, and at a somewhat wider spacing. Group your freesias in bunches of seven flowers to achieve a rich impression.
When you're finished, water them thoroughly and mulch the area around them.
Consider employing a stem support system, as stems are light and may not always be able to hold the weight of flowering kinds.
Trim the leaves after your freesias bloom in the spring, but don't discard them because they will become dormant.
Because these flowers aren't cold hardy, it's better to dig out the corms after the leaves have fallen. Remove any faded areas of the corms by cutting back the stems and allowing them to dry.
Store the corms in an excellent, dry, frost-free location, preferably in sand or peat, until spring, when you can replant them.
Here are several bulbs to get you started in your garden with this plant.
This flower grows best from corms, but it can also be grown from seed. Here are the main steps you should take.
growing freesia from seeds
Freesia flowers can be grown in a pot without much difficulty. Plant the bulbs in an outside planter in the early spring.
If you reside in a warmer climate, you can also plant them in the fall, making sure they go dormant in the winter.
This can be accomplished by maintaining them in a colder environment of roughly 40°F (5°C)—but away from freezing conditions! Choose bulbs that have come out of dormancy if you're potting in the spring.
Begin by filling your container halfway with compost and halfway with grit. As previously said, these plants do not require a lot of soil.
However, make sure that the container you use has adequate drainage—if necessary, drill some additional holes in the bottom. Pebbles can also be used to help with drainage.
flowering freesias in a pot
Then, follow the identical steps for garden plating, except that you don't need to add mulch to the pot.
Keep the pot in a fantastic, shady location until the corms develop, such as the garage. You can then place it in a bright window and continue to water it.
It's best to wait until the buds start to show color before bringing it inside.
The standard freesia care suggestions listed below can assist you in creating perfect circumstances for your flower. Remember, though, that each variety may have its own set of requirements. Always double-check your labeling!
Freesias thrive on sandy or stony soils in the garden.
Planting them in fertile, organic-rich soil is preferable since it will save you the effort of fertilizing them too frequently. Coastal freesia blooms, such as the Alba, can also thrive in wet soil.
We've put together a comprehensive guide on soil types, so be sure to look.
soil suitable for freesia
Standard potting soil will suffice if you're planting these blooms in a pot. Add peat moss or compost to guarantee optimum drainage, whether you're growing them outside or inside.
Freesias are sun-loving plants that thrive in full sun to light shade. Because certain types prefer the sun more than others, double-check the directions that came with your plant or ask the seller.
These plants are not cold-hardy and are subject to temperature changes. If the temperature dips below freezing, they will perish throughout the winter.
To return in the spring, they require minimum winter temperatures of considerably above 20-25°F (3.9-6.7°C).
However, freesias require nighttime temperatures of 50-55°F (10-12.8°C) to develop bulbs after being planted in the fall.
You may need to dig up the bulbs in the fall, store them in a container in an unheated garage or another cold place, then replant them in the spring, depending on your location.
When it comes to watering, these flowers aren't picky. It's best to keep the soil moist while the plant is producing new sprouts.
In most climates, watering your freesias once a week should suffice when they are flowering.
best way to water a freesia
Freesias prefer 50 percent humidity, so you'll have to water them extra if you live in a dry region. Except for a few coastal types, these flowers despise wet soil.
Apply a high-potassium or balanced fertilizer every two weeks when the first shoots appear. When the first buds form, they fertilize again.
Plant freesias in good soil and add compost; they don't require much fertilization.
Let's look at some of the freesia kinds you may cultivate in your garden or at home now that you know how to grow and care for these flowers.
These blooms occur in various colors and kinds, with some being more vibrant than others.
Learn about some of the most gorgeous and fragrant freesia flower varieties available for planting and growing.
There are some freesias that grow faster than others; Speedy White is one of them. Doesn't the name give it away?
White freesia flowers that bloom quickly
This flower is elegant and delicate, with beautiful white petals around little yellow centers, and it looks fantastic in any setting.
This species favors pale blues and soft whites. At the edges, it may appear purple.
freesia of the Algarve
It's one of the most exquisitely lovely freesias for container and border planting.
This variety has rich yellow blossoms and can have up to ten flowers on a single stem, more than most others.
freesia blossom with golden passion
freesia bloom of Oberon
This freesia's pale pink to deep pink petals curls nicely around one another, creating a rich, multidimensional bloom.
Freesia bloom with a pink appeal
It's one of the most lovely pink cultivars available.
This one is great for engagements and weddings, delicately merging blush pink with delicate white colors and proudly donning brilliant foliage.
freesia flowers for a honeymoon
Even if you didn't recognize it by name, you've probably seen it in at least one floral arrangement. It also looks great in a vase!
If you stoop a little to sniff a clump of Corvette freesias, you'll want to carry them home with you.
blossom of the corvette freesia
This cultivar features big white petals arranged in layers, and it also grows at a rapid rate.
Vienna freesias are easy to grow and keep with their milky white color. You can use them alone or in combination with more vibrantly colored blooms as border plants.
White freesia from Vienna
Their prominent flower heads and yellow blush in the centers will appeal to you.
The three lowest petals of this white cultivar have raspberry fingerprint-like patterns, giving it an unmistakable appearance.
freesia Joan Evans
It's as if a naughty painter dipped her fingers in paint and mashed them on the white petals when no one was looking.
Alba is one of the most attractive white types, at least in our opinion. Alba can reach a height of 18".
Flowers of Alba white freesia
If you live in a chilly climate, you'll like its yellow accents and durability compared to other types. It can also grow in coastal areas.
Ambassador freesias are known for their enormous white blossoms and pair well with vividly colored flowers in bouquets or centerpieces.
freesia ambassador flowers with bees
This all-white bloom signifies innocence and purity. Please take a peek at the image below to see what we're talking about.
Virginia white freesia is a kind of freesia
It has a lovely aroma that makes other flowers envious and colorful petals.
The Ballerina is a creamy-white freesia with thick petals that makes a lovely flower for bouquets and table settings.
freesia flower in the shape of a ballerina
It is a summer bloom that delights not only many eyes but also many nostrils each year.
Purple Rain is difficult to overlook, with its brightly colored double tepals and yellow-green center.
Rain in Purple
This type can be a fantastic choice if you seek a colorful bloom to grow in a pot or container.
Troubadour freesias have a bright yellow center that spreads into a reddish-pink blossom like a summer sun.
It's a romantic decision perfect for giving to a partner or a loved one.
With this vibrantly colored blossom, you can elicit more than just feelings of friendship. Double Volcano freesias come in all-red varieties and red versions with vivid orange-yellow centers.
Double Volcano Freesia Flower
Among the types on our list, the Cote d'Azur is one of the more exotic varieties, with purple and violet tones and a few delicate hints of white.
freesia flower from the Cote d'Azur
It grows taller than most other varieties and loves full sun to mild shade.
The Blue Bayou flowers are made up of violet-blue double-tepals typically tinged with white and grow quite close together.
blossom of the blue bayou freesia
This hybrid variety is intensely fragrant and is a very new development.
The dark orange Lady Brunet looks the most like a rose of all the freesias. But suddenly, there aren't any thorns!
brunette lady freesia
Because the buds are so close together, this flower may have only one large bloom from afar.
If you're curious about the name's origins, this plant was named after German scientist Friedrich H.T. Freese.
Trust, companionship, purity, innocence, attentiveness, and sweetness are all symbols of freesia.
Your gesture can suggest that you have entire faith in that person or that your love for them is genuine, depending on who you offer them to.
These flowers are ideal gifts for friends and partners because of their meaning.
They're also great flowers to send as a gift to someone who's just had a kid because they represent purity and innocence.
Gifts of freesia flowers
Because of their scent, freesias are frequently used as decorations at baptism festivities and as wedding flowers.
This was the blossom of trust in Victorian times. People gave freesia flowers to each other all the time, regardless of their gender or their connection.
It was a method for them to demonstrate their friendship and loyalty to one another. Some of that symbolism can still be found in these blooms now.
The general connotations of this plant have already been discussed. However, each color of freesia has its unique meaning, and let's look at the most crucial.
Freesia flowers have a variety of meanings
Gardeners are enamored with this flower and frequently inquire about it. In this section, we've compiled the most commonly asked questions. We hope you find the answers to be helpful.
Outdoor freesias can bloom again in the spring or fall, depending on when they were planted, as long as the night temperatures are chilly enough to induce dormancy. However, frost will kill most kinds.
Perennials and freesia bulbs are. This flower is a perennial in native areas where meteorological conditions cause dormancy and protect them from frost. If you live in a cooler climate, it may act more like an annual, requiring you to replace the bulbs for the flower to bloom again.
New corms or offsets of mother bulbs are excellent ways to spread freesias. They can spread by self-seeding in some situations, although the traits of the plant may differ from the parent plant, and the ensuing growth may be weaker. Find out more about growing freesias.
The scent of freesia is sweet and fruity, and it can be strong or mild, depending on the cultivar. You may even compare the scent of this flower to that of sweets, and white and yellow types have the most fragrant flowers.
Freesias are the flowers of friendship, as we've seen. Why don't you make friends with a few of them?
Freesias could become your new favorite flower, whether you put them in a pot or make space for them in your garden.
These flowers can be a gardener's delight because of their fantastic smell, beautiful hues, and effortless grace.
They're also not too difficult to cultivate, so there's no reason not to try growing your own. Get started right away!