Beets are a reliable crop for our gardens because they are simple to cultivate and yield delicious roots in a short amount of time. Because their green tops can also be consumed, this crop can serve two purposes. Find out everything you need to know about growing beets, from planting to harvesting the crop.
Beets, also known as "beetroots," are vibrant crops that thrive during the fantastic season. They are simple to cultivate from seed in soil that has been appropriately prepared and grow very fast when exposed to direct sunlight.
Because they are resistant to frost and temperatures that are very close to freezing, they are an excellent option for gardeners in northern regions. Because of this, they are also a perfect crop for the fall.
It is best to start growing vegetables with bolt-resistant varieties, which are less likely to bolt, or mature too quickly when exposed to warm temperatures. There are wide beet varieties, each of which can have deep red, yellow, white, or striped roots and can also be of varying shapes.
Harvesting beetroots begins when they are approximately the size of a golf ball and continues until they reach the size of a tennis ball. Roots that are larger than a tennis ball may become tough and woody. In addition, beet greens have a delicious and unique flavor and are a source of even more nutrients than the roots themselves.
Select a planting spot that gets plenty of direct sunlight. In a perfect world, they should be exposed to at least six hours of direct sunlight daily.
Although they thrive in well-prepared, fertile soil, beets can survive in soils ranging from average to low in fertility. The ideal pH range for soil is between 6.0 and 7.0, although slightly alkaline soils (7.0+) can also be tolerated if they are slightly acidic. Beets cannot survive in too acidic soils (pH below 6.0). The soil must be devoid of rocks and other impediments to developing the round beetroots properly.
Because Swiss chard and spinach are related to beets and are susceptible to the same kinds of pests and diseases, you should avoid planting beets in areas where these other vegetables have recently been grown.
Watch this video to get a better understanding of how to plant beets.
Growing Beets from Sowing to Harvest
Beets can be found in various shapes and colors across the color spectrum. The typical color is dark red, but there are also yellow and white varieties and ringed red and white ones (like the ones pictured below)!
|Leaf spot caused by Cercospora||The fungus||The Cercospora prefers hot, humid conditions and damp nights, so the environment should be warm and humid. On leaves that enlarge and turn gray, there are many small brown spots with red-purple halos;ensure good air circulation, the centers of the sites eventually fall out, leaving the halos behind.||Rotate crops; destroy infected plants; weed; avoid overhead watering; ensure good air circulation.|
|A virus that causes cucumber mosaics||The virus||There may be stunted, a mottled green/yellow/white pattern on the leaves, or ringed spots on the leaves; the growth of the leaves may be distorted.||Among the steps to be taken to prevent the spread of CMV is to destroy infected plants; choose resistant varieties and seed that is virus-free; use row covers; disinfect tools; weed; control aphids (carriers of CMV); use mulch.|
|The flea beetle||Insect||Leaves with numerous tiny holes as if shotgun bullets struck them.||Use row covers; mulch heavily; add native plants to invite beneficial insects.|
|It's the leafhoppers||An insect|
There are white shed skins on the undersides of the leaves (from nymphs molting); stippling (many tiny marks) on the leaves; "hopper burn" (leaves that are yellow or brown, curled, or stunted); and reduced yield as a result.
|By spraying solid streams of water onto leaf undersides, nymphs will be knocked off; use row covers; monitor adults using yellow sticky traps; weed; destroy crop residues at the end of the season.|
|The leaf miners||An insect||Tunneling larvae cause meandering blisters on leaves caused by their tunneling activity.||Use row covers, remove infested leaves, till the soil early in the season, and rotate crops..|
|The wireworm||An insect|
Seeds hollowed out;
seedlings severed; stunting/wilting; roots eaten; tubers/bulbs bored.
|In 2 to 4-inch-deep holes every 3 to 10 feet, fill with a mixture of germinating beans, corn, or peas, cover with soil or a board, and in a week, uncover and kill worms; sow seeds in warm mud to ensure quick germination; provide good drainage; remove plant debris; rotate crops|
The Health benefits of beets are considered to be exceptionally high because they are nutrient-dense