How To Grow Basement Garden

Basement Garden

Emma Downey

Emma Downey
Gardening Expert

Updated on 12/4/2022

Even though it is not something that is typically considered, a garden in the basement of your home may be a lovely addition, particularly during the colder months. It is possible to overwinter your plants successfully in a greenhouse located in a basement. This will ensure that all of your hard work will not be in vain simply because the weather is becoming more relaxed.

It is feasible to designate a space in your basement, whether it is fully equipped or not, in which you can cultivate your own plants and produce your own food year-round. Depending on what you need in comparison to what you already have, it may be a bit pricey. Still, it may be a decent alternative if you aren't ready to make the commitment to (or don't have the space for) a traditional outdoor greenhouse.

You won't need a lot to get things rolling, and you will only require some grow lights, some pots, some seeds, some potting soil, and some water.

Counter Your Basement's Natural Environment

Wide varieties of plants, including vegetables and other types of plants, typically thrive best in warmer temperatures. You are undoubtedly thinking, given this information, about how basements can be used as viable growth sites. Suppose you don't plan on cultivating a particularly sizable garden. In that case, one or two space heaters designed for residential usage should be sufficient to maintain a comfortable temperature in the basement garden area. You could also consider purchasing a few fans if your basement is damp because this will help keep the air circulating, which will keep your plants from decaying (and keep the garden from getting moldy).

If you plan on constructing a sizable greenhouse in your basement, it will be well worth your while, in the long run, to spend the money on heaters and fans that are designed for commercial or industrial usage. You will receive more bang for your buck, and the space will be heated and cooled in a more effective manner. However, because there won't be a lot of sunshine in your basement, you'll want to make sure that you utilize the appropriate soil and pots for the plants you intend to grow there. When growing plants inside, it is important to use containers that have adequate drainage holes to prevent the potting mix from becoming overly soggy. Your soil should be one that drains well so that it does not hold on to an excessive amount of water. The potting soil should consist of a combination of peat, vermiculite, and compost, if at all possible.

Recreate The Outside Lighting System

Basement Garden

It stands to reason that basements, which are located below ground, do not have any windows; if they do, however, such windows are typically relatively small and do not let in a great deal of light. Therefore, it is essential that you duplicate external illumination in your basement greenhouse as accurately as you possibly can. This is going to be the most challenging part, and figuring out what works best for your plants is going to require a lot of practice and experience.

It would be best if you did some research on the many types of plants that you plan to cultivate so that you can select the best artificial grow lights to meet the requirements of those plants. Different colors, such as red and blue, are designed to accomplish a variety of distinct tasks (red for flowering and fruit production, blue for leaves and vegetables). Another challenging aspect is that the light requirements of a plant may change from the time it is a seedling until it reaches maturity. As a result, you may need to invest in more than one type of lighting in order to meet the demands of your plants at each stage.

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Because the amount of lighting you require is also dependent on the size of your room, this component of your basement garden will probably wind up being the most expensive one. You should, however, be able to get the most out of your investment if you conduct the appropriate research.

After Everything Has Been Set Up, You Can Select The Plants You Want

Basement Garden

It is possible that excitement could lead you to make a hasty decision to purchase your plants straight now. We've all had the experience of wanting to get one of the more straightforward steps out of the way first so that the rest of the process can feel more tangible. But if you're going to get the most out of your money, you shouldn't buy any plants until after you've reached your basement and are used to the climate of the greenhouse. This will assure two things: 1) that your plants do not perish while you are in the process of putting everything up, and 2) that you have made as many adjustments to your basement as you possibly can before introducing them.

As soon as you get the impression that your environment is warm and well ventilated, you may start acquiring the plants that you have planned for and then potting them in pots and soil that have adequate drainage. In an ideal situation, you will have designed your lighting around the plants that you want to grow, and this will make it simple for you to select the plants that you want to cultivate and get them ready to be placed in your basement garden.

Which Types Of Plants Are The Easiest To Care For?

Basement Garden

Start with leafy greens, lettuce, herbs, and radishes if you're new to indoor gardening in general or to basement indoor gardening specifically. Radishes are another easy veggie to grow inside. In light of the fact that you won't have a lot of room and might not be able to accept fully grown standard types, you should make sure to get the dwarf variety. These plants may thrive in environments with lower temperatures and less light, making them an excellent choice if you aren't confident whether or not the temperature in your basement greenhouse is sufficient enough to support the growth of plants such as tomatoes or peppers.

When your basement garden is established, and the temperature is just right, the following are some of the plants that will flourish the best:

  • Chard from Switzerland
  • lettuce
  • spinach
  • tomatoes
  • peppers
  • beans growing on bushes
  • peas

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Ensure Your Basement Is A Viable Environment

Even if you follow the instructions above perfectly, there is still a chance that something will go wrong. Basements are known to be complicated settings, and therefore, it is essential to make alterations as required. If the weather outside is warmer, you may find that your plants need less heating in the basement and vice versa.

Basement gardens from one season might not necessarily be suitable for basement gardens from another season. It is crucial to monitor the environment and make adjustments as necessary, but you should be careful not to make any significant alterations in order to prevent stunning the plants. As long as you do everything in your power to satisfy the requirements of your plants, basement gardens have the potential to function as functional greenhouse habitats. It is essential to keep in mind that there will be a significant amount of maintenance required during the season. You should frequently check for pests, pick up any leaves that have fallen, and repot the plant if necessary.

Basement Garden

As the size of your basement garden increases, you may want to think about incorporating more sophisticated components, such as automatic watering systems, timers for the light and water, oscillating fans to assist with ventilation, and metal shelves to keep your plants tidy.